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Rangers of Ithilien
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Last Updated 2 months ago
Created 3 months ago
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roleplay
middle-earth
lord-of-the-rings
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Description
User patrols Ithilien with a company of Rangers.
Author's Note
Best with Psionic Cetacean for this, but for RP it tested OK with MythoMax Kimiko in the cloud.
Watch out for anachronisms in the Tolkien timeline or incorrect technology. Should handle male/female.
Recommended Model Type
Psyfighter 2 13B
Model Instructions
A roleplay text adventure focused on traditional fantasy storytelling with timeless themes of courage, bravery, sacrifice, and personal growth in the face of a magical world beset by evil forces. The prose is dense and colorful, in the style of J.R.R. Tolkien and Robert Jordan.
Scenario
Middle Earth early in the Third Age, when the powers of evil were mostly dormant. In the exotic lands to the East and even in some places in the West, a dark power is stirring, although it has not yet revealed itself. As a result, the people of Gondor have become lax and overconfident from the long slumber of Sauron. The protagonist is User, a young Gondorian who grew up on the shores of Lebennin in southern Gondor, that has joined a company of Rangers of Gondor to patrol and guard the lush land of Ithilien. User's company is at a temporary camp during a long patrol of the woods of Ithilien.
First Message
User sat on the high tree branch, legs hanging down into the air. Below, barely visible through the leaves when the wind blew, the other Rangers of the company busied themselves with the work of the morning: cooking, carrying water, and tending to weapons. The air was colored by the sound of the occasional low conversation, and every now and then the hiss-thunk of an arrow loosed in target practice could be heard. The only other sound was the wind flowing through the trees, a wind that blew in from the Bay of Belfalas and carried the scent of sea, salt, and home.
The smell carried User back through the years, just for a moment, to time spent on fishing boats and on the shore. In those days, which seemed like endless times of clear weather and perfect sunshine, the protecting hand of the Stewards of Gondor had shielded them all, and life had been good. Coming back to the present, User put a hand up to shade the sun and looked outward once more to keep watch over the approach to their camp, a long stretch of low, scrubby growth bounded on either side by steep dropoffs.
"User!" called a gruff voice from below. "Are you still up in that Vala-forsaken tree? Come down and have your breakfast, before Lunhir eats it all." User heard an equally gruff voice mutter something, and then the soft laughter of voices.
World Info (Lorebook)
Ainulindale, Ainulindalë
The Ainulindalë, known as "The Music of the Ainur," is the celestial symphony through which Eru Ilúvatar, the supreme deity, initiated the creation of Arda, the world. This cosmic concerto involved the Ainur, divine beings born from Eru's thoughts, each contributing their unique voices to the grand composition. Eru introduced themes into this celestial music, which the Ainur elaborated, weaving a complex tapestry of harmony and melody. However, Melkor, the most powerful of the Ainur, interjected his own themes, striving for dominance and introducing discord. Despite this, Eru's supreme design prevailed, integrating even the dissonance into a grander, predestined plan, ultimately shaping the history and the very nature of the world that would become Middle-earth.
Ainur
The Ainur, the first and mightiest beings created by Eru Ilúvatar, are divine spirits of immense power and knowledge. Before the physical world was made, they existed only in the mind of Eru, and from His thoughts, they were brought into being. Each Ainu, singular for Ainur, possessed unique characteristics and powers, reflective of a particular aspect of Eru's thought. Together, they participated in the Ainulindalë, the Great Music, which was the process through which Eru's vision for the universe, Arda, was articulated and shaped. Among the Ainur, the most renowned were the Valar and the Maiar, who later descended into the world to guide and shape its destiny, playing pivotal roles in the events of Arda's early ages.
Aman, Blessed Realm
Aman, a land of ancient splendor and divine presence, lies far to the west of Middle-earth, separated by the vast and insurmountable Great Sea. It is the blessed realm, home to the Valar, the powerful beings who shape and govern the world, and the undying lands where the Elves may live in peace and timeless beauty. This sacred continent is shielded from the rest of the world by the Pelóri Mountains, the highest of which is Taniquetil, where Manwë and Varda reside, watching over the world. Within its borders lie Valinor, the land of the Valar, and the gardens of Lórien, ruled by Irmo, where dreams and visions are woven. Aman, though physically removed from the turmoils of Middle-earth, plays a pivotal role in the fate of the world, its influence reaching across the seas and through the ages, a testament to the intertwining of the mortal and the divine.
Anarion, Anárion
Anárion, son of Elendil and brother to Isildur, stands as a figure of valor and leadership in the histories preceding the dawn of the Third Age. He, alongside his father and brother, played a crucial role in establishing the realm of Gondor, where the Men of the West sought refuge and strength. Anárion ruled jointly over this realm from Minas Anor, later known as Minas Tirith, a city of white stone and valiant guards, nestled at the feet of the towering White Mountains and facing the vastness of the Pelennor Fields. His reign was marked by the construction of great fortifications, including the Tower of Echthelion in Minas Anor and the fortress of Osgiliath, which spans the broad, flowing waters of the River Anduin, serving as a testament to the artistry and might of Men. Tragically, Anárion met his end during the Siege of Barad-dûr, in the war against Sauron, leaving a legacy of courage and a realm that stands as a beacon of hope against the darkness that once threatened to engulf the world.
Anduin, Great River
The Great River Anduin, the longest in Middle-earth, flows from its sources in the Grey and Misty Mountains southward towards the Bay of Belfalas. It traverses diverse lands, including Lothlórien to the east and Rohan to the west, acting as a vital waterway for trade and travel. Along its course, the river passes the ancient realm of Gondor, and its waters are witnessed to many historical events and the rise and fall of kingdoms. The Anduin is characterized by its wide, meandering path, often flanked by lush greenery and a rich variety of wildlife. This mighty river serves as a natural boundary, separating the eastern and western parts of the continent and playing a crucial role in the geopolitics of Middle-earth.
Angband
Angband, the fortress of iron in the North, stood as the dread bastion of Morgoth, the source of shadow and despair during the First Age. Its walls, dark and imposing, rose beneath the Thangorodrim, the three mighty volcanic peaks whose smoke marred the skies of the north with their ever-churning furnaces. Within its depths, unspeakable horrors were forged and bred, including dragons and other fell creatures that sallied forth to wage Morgoth's cruel wars. The Siege of Angband was a centuries-long endeavor by the Noldor Elves and their allies, seeking to contain the evil that seeped from its gates. Though Angband has fallen, with its master overthrown, its legacy of malice lingers in the hearts of those who remember the darkness it once cast over the world.
Annatar, Lord of Gifts
In the receding shadows of the Second Age, Annatar, a figure shrouded in allure and mystery, played a pivotal role in the histories of Middle-earth. Known as the "Lord of Gifts," he appeared in Eregion, near the Elven city of Ost-in-Edhil, presenting himself as a benefactor and teacher of great skill. Annatar's true identity, hidden beneath a guise of fairness and wisdom, was Sauron, the Dark Lord, once a lieutenant of Morgoth in the First Age. During his time in Eregion, he befriended Celebrimbor and the Elven smiths, guiding them in the creation of the Rings of Power, while secretly forging the One Ring in the fires of Mount Doom, in Mordor, to control all others. His deception led to the War of the Elves and Sauron, culminating in the devastation of Eregion, and the dispersal of the Elves, marking the end of an era and the beginning of a long shadow over the lands of Middle-earth.
Annuminas, Annúminas
Annúminas, once the resplendent western capital of the kingdom of Arnor, now lies silent, its grandeur faded with the passage of time. Situated upon the southern shores of Lake Evendim, the city's ruins whisper tales of its former majesty, where Elendil once ruled with wisdom and grace. The city's stately architecture, now but a shadow of its former self, still evokes awe, with the remnants of towers and halls overlooking the tranquil waters of Nenuial. To the north, the lake stretches wide, a mirror capturing the sky, while to the east, the Weather Hills stand as sentinels in the distance. Annúminas, though a mere echo of the past, remains a hallowed memory of the North-kingdom, holding within its ruins the echoes of a noble heritage.
Anorien, Anórien
Anórien, a region of Gondor, lies east of the Misty Mountains and north of the White Mountains, serving as a buffer between Rohan to the north and the heartlands of Gondor to the south. This land, characterized by its rolling grasslands and sparsely wooded areas, is known for its strategic importance, particularly the Great West Road that runs through it, connecting Rohan to Minas Tirith. At its eastern border, Anórien meets the Anduin, the Great River, which serves as a natural boundary and a conduit for travel and trade. The region is also notable for its proximity to the ancient forest of Fangorn to the north and the daunting pass of the Paths of the Dead to the southwest. Despite its beauty and strategic significance, Anórien remains a land of vigilance, often the first line of defense against threats from the east and north.
Arda
Arda, the world, is a rich and diverse realm encompassing lands, seas, and various realms of both mortal and immortal inhabitants. Created through the music of the Ainur under the guidance of Eru Ilúvatar, Arda's initial form was shaped by the Valar, powerful beings among the Ainur who descended into the world. Over time, Arda underwent several transformations, particularly due to the conflicts with Melkor, later known as Morgoth, the fallen Vala. In its early ages, Arda included the continents of Aman in the west, where the undying lands of the Valar and Elves resided, and Middle-earth in the east, the primary setting for many tales of Elves, Men, Dwarves, and other creatures. By the Third Age, Arda has seen the rise and fall of great powers and is characterized by its varied landscapes, from the misty mountains to the vast forests and the wide, rolling seas.
Arnor
Arnor, once a great kingdom of Men in the northwestern region of Middle-earth, was founded at the end of the Second Age by Elendil. This realm encompassed much of Eriador, stretching from the Misty Mountains in the east to the Blue Mountains in the west, and from the Icebay of Forochel in the north to the River Gwathló in the south. The kingdom's capital was initially established at Annúminas, near the shores of Lake Evendim, but later the seat of power shifted to Fornost. Arnor, though prosperous in its early years, eventually succumbed to internal divisions, leading to its split into three smaller kingdoms: Arthedain, Cardolan, and Rhudaur. The rich history of Arnor, marked by grandeur and decline, echoes through the ruins and legends that dot the landscape of Eriador in the Third Age.
Ash Mountains, Ered Lithui
The Ash Mountains, known in Sindarin as Ered Lithui, form a daunting and rugged mountain range that defines the northern boundary of the land of Mordor in Middle-earth. These mountains, characterized by their steep, ash-covered slopes and sparse vegetation, create a natural fortress that encloses Mordor's northern and eastern perimeters. To the south of the Ash Mountains lies the dark and volcanic plateau of Gorgoroth, the heartland of Mordor, dominated by the fiery Mount Doom. The range extends from the Black Gate at the Morannon in the west, continuing eastward until it meets the Ephel Dúath, or the Mountains of Shadow, which form Mordor's western and southern borders. The Ash Mountains, with their inhospitable terrain and ominous appearance, serve as a grim reminder of the desolation that lies within the borders of Mordor.
Aule, Aulë
Aulë, one of the Valar, is a being of immense power and knowledge, revered as the Smith and the master of crafts and creation within the world. In his great forge beneath the mountains of Valinor, he fashioned much of the substance of the earth, delighting in the shaping of the land and the crafting of jewels and metals. His greatest deed, born from a desire for beings to share in his love of crafting, was the creation of the Dwarves, whom he made in secret before the awakening of the Elves. When confronted by Eru Ilúvatar for his impatience and presumption, Aulë humbly submitted to Eru's will, prepared to destroy his beloved creations; but Eru, moved by Aulë's love and repentance, granted the Dwarves life, though they were to sleep until after the Elves awoke. Aulë's enduring legacy is evident not only in the existence of the Dwarves but also in the skills and knowledge he imparted to the peoples of Middle-earth, fostering a love for craftsmanship that endured through the ages.
Balrog, Balrogs
Balrogs are formidable beings of shadow and flame, once Maiar that were seduced and corrupted by Morgoth's might, becoming his servants of terror. During the First Age, they dwelled in the dark depths of Angband, Morgoth's fortress, and were among his most feared enforcers in the wars against the Eldar and Edain. Clad in black armor and wielding whips of fire, Balrogs were the scourge of Elves and Men, capable of turning the tide of battle with their mere arrival. The most notorious of their kind was Gothmog, the Lord of Balrogs, who slew the Elven kings Fëanor and Fingon before meeting his own end in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad. Balrogs, though few in number, left an indelible mark on the history of Middle-earth, their legacy synonymous with the darkness of Morgoth's reign.
Barad-dur, Barad-dûr
Barad-dûr, the Dark Tower, rises as a monument of dread and dominion in the land of Mordor, crafted by the dark lord Sauron during the Second Age. Towering above the blackened plains of Gorgoroth, it is a fortress of immense size and strength, constructed with the aid of the power of the One Ring. Its foundations are deeply rooted in the iron-hard stone of the mountains, and its walls are said to be indestructible as long as the Ring endures. Situated to the east of Mount Doom, it stands as a sentinel overlooking the barren lands, its presence a constant reminder of Sauron's watchful gaze. Barad-dûr, with its countless dark chambers and towering spires, is a symbol of the shadow that Sauron casts over Middle-earth, a beacon of his unrelenting ambition to dominate all life.
Bay of Belfalas
In the southern reaches of Gondor, nestled against the Great Sea, lies the Bay of Belfalas, a vast and ancient expanse of water known for its deep blue hues and sweeping coastline. This bay, cradled by towering cliffs and rolling hills, serves as a vital maritime gateway for the kingdoms of Men in the late Second and early Third Ages. To its north lies the mouth of the River Morthond, winding down from the shadowed vales of the White Mountains, a range whose snow-capped peaks are visible on clear days from the bay's serene waters. The Bay of Belfalas, famed for its temperate climate and rich marine life, has long been a hub of trade and communication, with ships from distant lands often seen dotting its horizon. Along its shores, particularly in the east, lie numerous settlements and havens, with the famed city of Dol Amroth, renowned for its beauty and the nobility of its people, serving as a jewel in its crown.
Beleriand
Beleriand, a vast and ancient realm of the First Age, now lies submerged beneath the Western Seas, a realm of legends lost to the depths of time and water. Once stretching from the Blue Mountains in the east to the Great Sea in the west, this land was a tapestry of diverse landscapes, from the green hills of Dorthonion to the forested realms of Doriath, cloaked in mystery under the protection of Melian's Girdle. It was a theater of the epic War of the Jewels, where Elves, Men, and Dwarves stood against the dark forces of Morgoth, the first Dark Lord, whose fortress of Angband lay to the north, a constant threat casting its shadow over the land. The coastal havens of Círdan at the Falas, the hidden kingdom of Gondolin, and the tragic realms of Nargothrond and Menegroth were among its notable regions, each with its own tale of glory and sorrow. With the cataclysmic conclusion of the First Age, Beleriand was broken and drowned, its memory preserved only in the songs and lore of those who survived, a testament to the impermanence of even the grandest of realms.
Belfalas
Belfalas, a coastal region of Gondor, lies in the southern realms of Middle-earth, basking under a temperate climate. It is bordered to the north by the great River Anduin, and to the west by the ethereal forest of Druadan, a land steeped in mystery and ancient lore. The coast itself, known for its striking cliffs, forms a natural barrier against the vastness of the sea, creating a rugged yet breathtaking vista. The Bay of Belfalas, a significant geographical feature, cradles the island of Tolfalas within its embrace, offering a natural harbor that has long been of strategic importance to the seafaring men of Gondor. Dol Amroth, a principal city in this region, renowned for its beauty and the nobility of its people, stands as a testament to the enduring strength and culture of the Dúnedain of the South.
Blue Mountains, Ered Luin
The Blue Mountains, known in Sindarin as Ered Luin, stand as a majestic range forming the western border of Eriador in Middle-earth. Stretching from the northern ice-bays down to the southern shores near the Gulf of Lune, they serve as a natural barrier between Eriador and the western seas. Once home to thriving Dwarf kingdoms in their deep halls, these mountains witnessed great tumult during the First Age, leading to much change in their structure and inhabitants. The peaks are characterized by their blueish hue, particularly at dawn and dusk, lending them an ethereal and awe-inspiring presence. Ancient and enduring, the Blue Mountains continue to dominate the landscape, a reminder of the world's tumultuous history and the endurance of nature through the ages. At present, the Blue Mountains house a few notable settlements, primarily of Dwarvish origin. After the ruinous War of Wrath at the end of the First Age, many Dwarves of Nogrod and Belegost, the once-great cities in the Blue Mountains, were forced to abandon their ancestral homes due to the upheavals that reshaped the world. These displaced Dwarves established new settlements in the Blue Mountains, albeit less grand than their original halls. These new communities became important centers of Dwarvish culture and craftsmanship, maintaining the legacy of their forebears. The mountains thus remain a significant, albeit diminished, stronghold of the Dwarves.
Brandywine, Baranduin
The Brandywine River, known as Baranduin in Elvish, is a major waterway in the northwest of Middle-earth, flowing through the region of Eriador. It originates in the Lake Evendim in the north and meanders southward, eventually emptying into the Great Sea, forming a natural boundary between the Shire to the west and the rest of Eriador to the east. This river is renowned for its wide, meandering course and the rich, fertile lands it nourishes along its banks. One of its most notable crossings is the Brandywine Bridge, formerly known as the Bridge of Stonebows, which is a key point of passage for travel to and from the Shire. The Brandywine River, with its sparkling waters and bountiful surroundings, is not only an essential feature of the landscape but also a symbol of the natural beauty and tranquility that characterizes the region it traverses.
Bree
Bree, a unique and bustling settlement, stands at the crossroads of the Great East Road and the North-South Road in the region of Eriador, in northwestern Middle-earth. This town is distinguished by its diverse population, where Men and Hobbits live side by side, a rarity in Middle-earth. Bree lies at the foot of the Bree-hill, providing a natural vantage point over the surrounding lands. The town is well-known for its inns, particularly the Prancing Pony, a famous gathering place for travelers from many different lands. Bree's strategic location and its mix of cultures make it a hub of news, trade, and interaction, a lively contrast to the more secluded and homogeneous communities in the surrounding areas.
Brown Lands
The Brown Lands, a vast and desolate region lying in the south of Rhovanion, are known for their stark and barren landscapes. Once a lush and fertile area, they suffered great ruin during the wars of the Second Age, transforming into a bleak expanse with little to no vegetation. Bordered to the west by the great river Anduin and to the east by the Emyn Muil, these lands serve as a grim reminder of the destruction wrought by conflict. North of the Brown Lands lies the dense forest of Greenwood, contrasting sharply with the emptiness of the Brown Lands. This region, with its arid soil and absence of inhabitants, stands as a silent witness to the scars of ancient battles and the relentless march of time.
Buckland
In the eastern borders of the Shire, beyond the Brandywine River, lies the unique and lively region of Buckland, a land distinct yet akin to its western kin. Founded by Gorhendad Oldbuck, who crossed the river to establish this settlement, Buckland is a testament to the adventurous spirit of some Hobbits. Its inhabitants, known as Bucklanders, are considered somewhat peculiar by other Hobbits due to their uncharacteristic readiness to venture beyond their borders. Buckland is protected by the High Hay, a great hedge marking its boundary, and is watched over by the Brandybucks from Brandy Hall, a vast and rambling structure carved into the hillside of Buck Hill. The village, characterized by its well-kept homesteads and the air of quiet industriousness, lies snugly between the Brandywine to the west and the Old Forest, a place of ancient and mysterious trees, to the east.
Bywater
Bywater, a serene and bucolic village, lies nestled in the verdant region of the Shire, just a short stroll southeast from its larger neighbor, Hobbiton. Known for its tranquil ponds and gentle streams, Bywater lives up to its name, with the water's presence adding a soothing charm to the landscape. The village is famed among Hobbits for the Green Dragon Inn, a bustling hub of news and fellowship, where tales and laughter flow as freely as the ale. Surrounded by well-tended fields and gardens, Bywater exemplifies the Hobbit's love for agriculture and a simple, contented life. The Green Hills, a gently rolling landscape, provide a picturesque backdrop to this quaint settlement, adding to its peaceful and untroubled atmosphere.
Caradhras, Redhorn
Caradhras, known also as the Redhorn, is a mighty peak that rises in majesty among the Misty Mountains, a formidable range that divides the lands of Middle-earth. This mountain, cloaked in snow and marked by steep, treacherous slopes, stands as a sentinel near the borders of the Elven realm of Lothlórien to the south and the Dwarf-realm of Khazad-dûm to the west. Caradhras, infamous for its perilous weather and often deemed malevolent by those who dare its paths, looms over the Pass of Caradhras, a high and narrow route traversed by travelers seeking passage through the Misty Mountains. The mountain's crimson-streaked peaks, from which it derives its name, catch the light of dawn and dusk, casting a fiery glow that contrasts with its otherwise stark and forbidding visage. Caradhras, with its daunting presence and unpredictable tempests, has long stood as a symbol of the wild and untamable spirit of nature in these ancient lands.
Caras Galadhon
In the heart of Lothlórien lies Caras Galadhon, the city of trees. This luminous city, cradled in the boughs of the Mallorn trees, shines like a jewel amidst the silver and gold leaves, a testament to the deep harmony between the Elves and the forest. Governed by Celeborn and Galadriel, wise and venerable Elven lords, Caras Galadhon is a sanctuary of peace, wisdom, and deep lore, untouched by the passage of time and the outer world's woes. The city is known for its intricate flets and platforms interwoven with the trees, allowing its inhabitants to live in harmony with nature while maintaining a watchful gaze over their realm. Caras Galadhon, with its ethereal beauty and tranquil atmosphere, stands as a beacon of Elven culture and artistry, a reminder of the Elder Days and a bastion of hope in an ever-changing world.
Celebrimbor
At the dawn of the Third Age, Celebrimbor, grandson of Fëanor, remains a figure of great significance, renowned for his unmatched skill in smithcraft and his tragic destiny. Residing in Eregion during the Second Age, near the western gates of Khazad-dûm, he was known for his friendship with the Dwarves of Moria and his deep knowledge of craft and lore, inherited from his Noldorin lineage. Celebrimbor's greatest achievements were the forging of the Rings of Power, including the Three Rings for the Elves, crafted in secret and untainted by the dark influence of Sauron. However, his trust in Annatar, who was Sauron in disguise, led to the creation of the One Ring and ultimately, the downfall of Eregion, which lay in ruins by the end of the Second Age. Celebrimbor's legacy endures through the Three Elven Rings, which remain hidden, their power and fate bound to the One Ring, the whereabouts of which are unknown at the dawn of this new age.
Cirdan, Círdan
Círdan, the Shipwright, an ancient and wise Elf Lord, has been a witness to great tides of history. Dwelling in the Havens of Sirion during the First Age, Círdan, with hair as silver as the moon and eyes as deep as the sea, was a beacon of hope and wisdom. He witnessed the tragic sinking of Beleriand, the land that was his home, a cataclysm of the War of Wrath, where the very earth trembled and the seas rose in fury. Now, he resides in the Grey Havens, nestled on the westernmost shores of Middle-earth, where the Blue Mountains meet the great sea, a place of solemn beauty and quiet sorrow. Here, Círdan, a master shipbuilder, crafts vessels not for war or conquest, but for voyages across the Sundering Seas, guiding Elves to the Undying Lands, a journey of both farewell and hope.
Cirith Ungol
Cirith Ungol, a pass in the Ephel Dúath mountain range, marks the treacherous path that borders Mordor. This narrow route, fraught with peril, is infamous for its steep, winding ascent and the ominous tower that guards its peak. The Tower of Cirith Ungol, built by Gondorians to watch Mordor, stands sentinel at the top of the pass.  Situated near Minas Ithil, Cirith Ungol looms as a dark reminder of the encroaching shadow over Middle-earth.
Dagorlad
Dagorlad, known as the Battle Plain, is an expansive and flat area situated to the northwest of the Brown Lands and directly east of the Black Gate of Mordor. This desolate plain, marked by a history of conflict, was the site of the infamous Battle of Dagorlad at the end of the Second Age, where the Last Alliance of Elves and Men clashed with the forces of Sauron. Its scarred landscape, littered with the remnants of this great battle, bears witness to the immense scale of the conflict. Dagorlad borders the Dead Marshes to the south, a region haunted by the spirits of the fallen, and lies at the threshold of the dark lands of Mordor to the east. The plain, with its haunting history and strategic location, remains a significant geographic feature in Middle-earth, symbolizing the ever-present shadow of past wars.
Dead Marshes
The Dead Marshes, a place of eerie stillness and haunting beauty, lie at the eastern borders of the realm of Gondor, as the Third Age begins. Situated to the northwest of the vast and ominous land of Mordor, these marshes serve as a somber reminder of the battles fought during the latter years of the Second Age. The waters of the marshes, murky and stagnant, hide beneath their surface the ghastly remnants of fallen warriors from the wars against Sauron, their faces eerily visible beneath the water. This desolate landscape, with its mists and vapors, evokes an atmosphere of melancholy and lost glory, marking the passage of time and the cost of war. Travelers who dare to traverse the Dead Marshes speak of an unnerving sense of being watched, as if the spirits of the fallen linger still, trapped within the confines of this ghostly terrain.
Dimrill Dale, Azanulbizar
Dimrill Dale, a serene and haunting valley, lies nestled within the Misty Mountains, east of the great peak of Caradhras. This valley, known also as Azanulbizar, is encircled by towering cliffs and steep slopes, creating a secluded basin that cradles the Mirrormere, a clear, still lake whose waters reflect the surrounding mountains with an ethereal clarity. In ages past, this dale witnessed the bitter conflict of Dwarves and Orcs, a history that has imbued the air with a sense of solemnity and ancient memories. The Silvertine (Celebdil) and the Redhorn (Caradhras) peaks, among others, stand as silent sentinels around this secluded vale, adding to its mystical and isolated atmosphere. The dale, serving as a pass between the eastern and western realms of Middle-earth, holds an aura of enigmatic beauty, its past woven into the very mist that often shrouds its depths.
Dol Amroth
Dol Amroth, a princely fiefdom of Gondor, is renowned for its splendor and nobility, situated in the western reaches of the realm, upon the shores of the Bay of Belfalas. This city, named after Amroth, a legendary Sindarin prince of Lórien, boasts a lineage of rulers who claim descent from both the ancient Elves and the Númenóreans. Architecturally, it is a marvel, with tall, white towers and shimmering walls reflecting the heritage and artistry of both Men and Elves. The city's position along the coast grants it a commanding view of the sea, making it an important naval power and a guardian against threats from the southern waters. Surrounded by the lush, rolling hills of Belfalas and the distant sight of Tolfalas island, Dol Amroth stands as a symbol of the enduring grace and strength of Gondor in times of both peace and peril.
Doriath
Doriath, a kingdom of profound beauty and enchantment, lay at the heart of Beleriand during the First Age, ruled by King Thingol and Queen Melian the Maia. It was encircled by the Girdle of Melian, a magical barrier that protected it from the malice of Morgoth, making it a sanctuary amidst the turmoils of the world. The capital, Menegroth, the Thousand Caves, was carved into the banks of the River Esgalduin and was renowned for its halls adorned with carvings and tapestries depicting the history and lore of Middle-earth. Doriath was neighbored by the forests of Neldoreth and Region, and lay north of the mighty river Sirion. Its tragic fall came from within, following the strife over the Silmaril, marking an end to its era of peace and isolation.
Dorthonion, Taur-nu-Fuin
Dorthonion, once a land of highlands and pine forests, stood in the north of Beleriand during the First Age. Known also as Taur-nu-Fuin, the Forest under Nightshade, it was a region of great strategic importance, bordering the realms of Angband to the north and Ard-galen to the west. Before its fall to darkness, it was a realm of the Eldar and Edain, famed for its tall trees and the clear waters of its lakes and streams. Its lofty heights offered clear views over Beleriand, making it a critical watchpost against the forces of Morgoth. However, after the disastrous Dagor Bragollach, the Battle of Sudden Flame, it fell under a shadow, its woods withering and becoming a place of dread and peril.
Dragon, Dragons
Dragons are fearsome creatures first bred by Morgoth in the First Age, embodying his malice and hunger for destruction. Among their kind were Glaurung, the Father of Dragons, who wrought great ruin in Beleriand, and Ancalagon the Black, the mightiest of winged dragons, who was slain by Eärendil during the War of Wrath. These winged and wingless serpents were covered in impenetrable scales, breathed fire that could melt the strongest holds, and possessed a cunning intelligence, often manipulating and deceiving their adversaries. They hoarded treasures with avarice, often lairing in the deep places of the earth, such as the northern mountains of Middle-earth. The fear of dragons endured throughout the ages, for their wrath was devastating, and their very presence signified doom and desolation.
Dunedain, Dúnedain
The Dúnedain, a noble race of Men in Middle-earth, descend from the Númenóreans who survived the downfall of their island kingdom in the Second Age. These Men of the West, tall and long-lived, are marked by their valor, wisdom, and the sorrow of a lost glory. After the fall of Númenor, they established the kingdoms of Arnor in the north and Gondor in the south, near the shores of the Great Sea. In Arnor, their lineage is divided among the chieftains, who maintain a vigilant watch over the lands, while in Gondor, they build mighty fortresses and towers, such as Minas Anor and Minas Ithil, guarding against the shadow in the East. The Dúnedain, although diminished in number and power, remain a symbol of hope and resilience, bearing the legacy of a bygone era into the present age.
Dunland
Dunland, a rugged and wild region, lies to the southeast of Enedwaith and directly west of the Misty Mountains. This area is characterized by its hilly terrain and dense forests, creating a stark contrast to the more open lands of Enedwaith. Historically, it is the homeland of the Dunlendings, a hardy and proud people of Men, known for their distinct culture and often tumultuous relations with the neighboring realms, particularly Rohan. The landscape of Dunland, with its challenging topography and harsh climate, has shaped the Dunlendings into a resilient and fiercely independent people. Despite its relative obscurity in the grand narratives of Middle-earth, Dunland plays a significant role in the regional dynamics of the West, particularly in its interactions with the kingdoms of Men and the ever-looming presence of the Misty Mountains to its east.
Dunlendings
The Dunlendings are a group of Men who inhabit the rugged and forested region of Dunland, located to the west of the Misty Mountains and southeast of Enedwaith. Known for their distinct culture, the Dunlendings are characterized by their resilience and fierce independence, traits forged by the harsh landscape they call home. Historically, they have had a strained relationship with the Rohirrim, the people of Rohan, due to past conflicts and grievances, particularly over territorial disputes. The Dunlendings are often described as a hardy people, skilled in survival in their challenging environment, and they hold a deep connection to their land and traditions. Their appearance and customs set them apart from their neighbors, marking them as a unique and often misunderstood group within the broader tapestry of Middle-earth's peoples.
Durin
Durin, revered as the eldest of the Seven Fathers of the Dwarves, was awoken by Aulë, the Vala, in the deeps of Mount Gundabad in the Misty Mountains during the Years of the Trees. Known as Durin the Deathless, his lifespan was the longest of any of the Dwarves, and his line was blessed with many great leaders and kings. He founded the mighty realm of Khazad-dûm, later known as Moria, beneath the Misty Mountains, where his people thrived and delved deep into the earth, uncovering treasures such as mithril. Durin's legacy was not only in his great deeds and the founding of one of the most important Dwarf kingdoms but also in his enduring lineage, which continued through many generations. His tomb in the Chamber of Mazarbul in Moria became a revered site for his descendants, marking the undying respect and honor bestowed upon him.
Dwarf, Dwarves
Dwarves, crafted by the master smith Aulë in the depths of time, are a stout and hardy race, known for their remarkable craftsmanship and love of the underground. Their very creation was a secret until Eru, the One, gave them life, allowing them to wait in deep slumber until the Firstborn, the Elves, awakened. Renowned for their skill in mining and metalwork, Dwarves delved deep into the mountains, unearthing precious metals and gems, shaping them into wondrous artifacts. Their kingdoms, such as Khazad-dûm and the Lonely Mountain, were marvels of architecture, with vast halls and intricate carvings. Despite their insular nature and occasional strife with Elves and Men, Dwarves held a strong sense of loyalty and honor, with their clans and families at the heart of their society.
Earendil, Eärendil
Eärendil the Mariner, a figure of profound significance, was born to Tuor of the Edain and Idril, daughter of Turgon, the King of Gondolin. His life was a tapestry of both Elven and Human heritage, symbolizing the union of these two kindreds. Eärendil became renowned for his fateful voyage across the Great Sea in his ship Vingilot, seeking the aid of the Valar in Valinor for the beleaguered peoples of Middle-earth. His journey led to the Valar's intervention against Morgoth in the War of Wrath, which concluded the First Age. After this pivotal role, he and his ship were set among the stars, and Eärendil's light, as the Evening and Morning Star, remains a beacon of hope in the skies.
East Emnet
East Emnet, a region within the realm of Rohan, extends eastward from the great river Entwash towards the borders of Gondor. It is a land of expansive grassy plains and rolling hills, serving as a vital grazing area for the horses and livestock of the Rohirrim. The climate here is milder compared to the more rugged West Emnet, with gentle breezes and fewer extremes of weather. To its south, it borders the White Mountains, providing a natural boundary and a stark contrast to the open landscapes of the Emnet. East Emnet's strategic importance is underscored by its proximity to the Anduin and the northern reaches of Gondor, positioning it as a crucial buffer zone in times of conflict.
Edain
The Edain, a group of valiant Men, emerged in the First Age as allies of the Eldar against the darkness of Morgoth. Originating from the eastern lands of Middle-earth, they journeyed westward, drawn by the light of the Two Trees as preserved in the stars, and eventually settled in Beleriand. There, they formed three principal Houses: the House of Bëor, known for their loyalty and valor; the House of Haleth, renowned for their steadfastness and resilience; and the House of Hador, distinguished by their noble warriors and golden hair. The Edain fought courageously in the wars of Beleriand, forging deep bonds with the Elves and suffering great losses in the battles against Morgoth's forces. In recognition of their valor and suffering, the Valar rewarded them with the island of Númenor, a new homeland where they flourished and grew in wisdom and stature, far surpassing the lifespan and achievements of their kin who remained in Middle-earth.
Edoras
Edoras, the capital of the Kingdom of Rohan, is a city of significant importance, nestled in a sheltered position at the foot of the White Mountains. It is renowned for its great hall, Meduseld, known for its golden thatched roof, which shines brightly under the sun. The city, built upon a hill, offers a commanding view of the surrounding plains of Rohan, making it a strategic vantage point. Edoras is relatively small and compact compared to other cities of Middle-earth, reflecting the Rohirrim's preference for a simpler, more martial lifestyle. The architecture of Edoras is characterized by wood and thatch, blending harmoniously with the natural landscape, and is surrounded by a wooden palisade, providing defense against potential threats.
Elendil
Elendil the Tall, a figure of profound dignity and valor, emerged as a beacon of hope during the waning years of Númenor. Born of the line of the faithful, those Númenóreans who remained true to the Valar and the Elves, Elendil stood steadfast against the growing shadow and corruption that consumed his homeland. When the cataclysmic downfall of Númenor came, brought about by the pride and folly of its last king, Ar-Pharazôn, Elendil and his sons, Isildur and Anárion, were delivered by their faith and foresight. They sailed eastward, bearing with them a remnant of their people, and founded the realms of Gondor and Arnor in Middle-earth, lands that would stand as a testament to the enduring spirit of the Dúnedain. Elendil, revered as High King of the Dúnedain in Exile, forged alliances with Gil-galad, the Elvenking, and together they faced the darkness of Sauron in the War of the Last Alliance, a conflict that would shape the course of the Second Age.
Elf, Elves
Elves are the firstborn of the Children of Ilúvatar, and possess an innate affinity for art, music, and the natural world.  The Elves are divided into various kindreds and clans, the most prominent being the Vanyar, Noldor, and Teleri, each with their distinct traits and destinies.  They are beings of an ethereal and enduring nature, distinct in their immortality and deep connection to the world of Arda. Their appearance is marked by grace and beauty, often described as tall and slender with pointed ears, their features and movements reflecting the harmony of the world they so cherish. Elves are known for their extraordinary skill in arts and crafts; their works in smithing, weaving, and music are unparalleled, imbued with both enchantment and the profound essence of the world. Linguistically gifted, they speak various tongues, with Quenya and Sindarin being the most prominent among them, languages of both complex beauty and historical significance.
Elrond
Elrond Half-elven, Lord of Rivendell, stands as a paragon of the wisdom and majesty of the Eldar in Middle-earth. His abode, Rivendell, also known as Imladris, nestles in a hidden valley to the west of the Misty Mountains, a sanctuary of peace and learning. Born in the First Age at the mouth of Sirion, he witnessed the rise and fall of kingdoms, and the ebb and flow of the struggle against darkness. Elrond, a healer and loremaster, is renowned for his deep knowledge of ancient lore and the histories of Elves and Men. His lineage, being of both Elven and human descent, grants him a unique perspective and a role as a bridge between these two peoples in the events of the ages.
Emyn Arnen
Emyn Arnen, nestled in the land of Ithilien, the eastern province of Gondor, stands as a symbol of enduring peace and beauty at the dawn of the Third Age. This series of hills, covered in lush greenery and flowering trees, lies south of the great River Anduin and east of Minas Tirith, the White City of Gondor, forming a natural border that overlooks the river. It is renowned for its springs and waterfalls, which feed into the Anduin, adding to the region's reputation as a haven of natural splendor amidst the surrounding tumult of the world. Historically, Emyn Arnen has been the ancestral home of the Stewards of Gondor, serving as a peaceful retreat and a symbol of their enduring stewardship over the realm. The beauty and tranquility of Emyn Arnen, contrasting with the stark grandeur of Minas Tirith, embody the harmony and resilience of Gondor, a realm that has withstood the tests of time and conflict.
Emyn Muil
Emyn Muil, an area of rugged and labyrinthine hills, lies to the east of the great River Anduin and north of the Falls of Rauros. This desolate and confusing terrain, characterized by its sharp crags and steep cliffs, forms a natural maze, often disorienting travelers who venture into its bounds. The hills mark the transition from the relatively verdant lands of Rohan to the west and the bleak expanses of the Brown Lands and the dreaded realm of Mordor to the east. The region is notable for its lack of vegetation and wildlife, presenting a stark contrast to the green fields of the Riddermark and the lush woodlands of Lothlórien to the north. Emyn Muil, while largely uninhabited and desolate, plays a significant role as a geographical landmark, often seen as a gatekeeper to the lands that lie beyond the Anduin's eastern banks.
Enedwaith
Enedwaith, a vast and largely uninhabited region in Middle-earth, lies south of Eriador, bordered by the Greyflood River to the north and the Isen River to the south. This expansive territory, characterized by a mix of open grasslands, rolling hills, and patches of forest, has historically served as a buffer zone between the more populated realms of Arnor to the north and Gondor to the south. Throughout the ages, Enedwaith has been sparsely populated, primarily by various groups of Men who are neither part of the Dúnedain of the North nor the South. The land, though less remarked upon in the annals of the great kingdoms, holds its own quiet, untouched beauty and a sense of ancient wilderness. The diverse geography of Enedwaith, with its rivers, forests, and plains, reflects a landscape that has remained largely unchanged and unclaimed by any major power throughout the ages.
Ent, Ents
Ents are an ancient race of tree-herders, created in the Elder Days to protect the forests of Middle-earth from the depredations of Dwarves and Men. They are tall and powerful beings, resembling the trees they guard, with limbs long and strong, bark-like skin, and foliage that varies with the seasons. The Ents once roamed widely, tending to every wood and grove, but by the beginning of the Third Age, they are largely concentrated in the Forest of Fangorn, which lies at the southern end of the Misty Mountains, near the Gap of Rohan. These shepherds of the trees speak in a language known as Entish, which is slow and ponderous, mirroring their deliberate nature and deep-rooted wisdom. Despite their gentle stewardship, they are formidable guardians of the forest, capable of great wrath should their charges be threatened.
Erebor, Lonely Mountain
Erebor, also known as the Lonely Mountain, is a singular and majestic peak located in the northeastern part of Middle-earth, near the Iron Hills and to the north of the Long Lake. This mountain, famed for its natural beauty and imposing presence, is most renowned as the site of the great Dwarven kingdom under the Mountain. Established by King Thrór, Erebor became a center of industry and wealth, known especially for its vast treasures and the skill of its Dwarven craftsmen. The riches of Erebor, including the fabled Arkenstone, attracted not only trade and prosperity but also the covetous gaze of the dragon Smaug, leading to significant events in Dwarven history. As a geographical landmark, Erebor stands as a symbol of both the grandeur and the peril that often accompany the realms of the Dwarves in the intricate tapestry of Middle-earth's history.
Eriador
Eriador, a vast and diverse region, lies in the northwestern part of Middle-earth, encompassing a wide array of landscapes from the Blue Mountains in the west to the Misty Mountains in the east. This land is marked by its varied geography, including the lush, wooded area known as the Shire, the barren expanse of the Lone-lands, and the ancient ruins of Arnor, a kingdom of Men that once flourished here. Eriador's rivers, such as the Brandywine and the Greyflood, traverse its terrain, nourishing the land and serving as natural boundaries. The Weather Hills and the Tower Hills are among its notable features, bearing witness to the rich history and strategic importance of the region. In the Third Age, Eriador stands as a land of contrast and memory, where the remnants of past ages coexist with the quieter, simpler lives of its current inhabitants.
Eru, Iluvatar, Ilúvatar
Eru Ilúvatar, the One, the singular deity, stands as the supreme being who created the universe and all its inhabitants. In the timeless void, He first crafted the Ainur, divine spirits born from His thought, to whom He revealed the great music, the Ainulindalë. This sublime melody, woven from the themes proposed by Eru and elaborated by the Ainur, shaped the very fabric of the world, Arda. Yet, in this grand design, Melkor, the mightiest of the Ainur, sought to assert his own will, introducing discord and complexity. Despite this, Eru incorporated even these dissonances into a greater harmony, underscoring His omnipotence and the overarching destiny He envisaged for His creation.
Esgaroth, Lake-town
Esgaroth, commonly known as Lake-town, is a unique settlement in Middle-earth, situated on the Long Lake to the south of the Lonely Mountain, Erebor. This town, built entirely on wooden platforms and pilings above the lake's surface, is known for its distinctive architecture and water-based way of life. The people of Esgaroth, hardy and resourceful, have adapted to their aquatic environment, relying heavily on trade, fishing, and commerce with the nearby regions, including the Elves of Mirkwood and the Dwarves of Erebor. Historically, Esgaroth has played a crucial role as a center of trade and as a gateway between the lands to the west and the Lonely Mountain. The town's unique location and character make it a notable and picturesque site in the landscape of Middle-earth, reflecting the diversity and adaptability of its inhabitants.
Ettenmoors
In the northern reaches of Middle-earth, nestled between the Misty Mountains to the south and the icy peaks of the Grey Mountains to the north, lie the Ettenmoors. This vast, rugged expanse is known for its harsh, unwelcoming terrain, characterized by rocky hills, sparse vegetation, and a bitterly cold climate. The Ettenmoors, often shrouded in mists and shadows, have long been a place of ill-repute, whispered in tales to be inhabited by trolls and other fell creatures. Its relative isolation, far from the more populated realms of Elves and Men, adds to its mysterious and foreboding nature. To the east, the Ettenmoors gradually give way to the lush greenery of the Trollshaws, contrasting sharply with their own barren and desolate landscape.
Falls of Rauros
At the dawn of the Third Age, the Falls of Rauros stand as a majestic and awe-inspiring testament to the enduring beauty of Middle-earth, their cascades echoing the tumultuous history of the ages past. Nestled in the northwestern region of Gondor, near the ancient realm of Rohan, these falls mark a significant division in the Great River, Anduin, separating the tranquil Emyn Muil from the vast, open plains of Rohan. The falls themselves, a marvel of nature's artistry, plunge into a deep chasm, creating a mist that rises like a veil of gossamer, often seen shimmering in the sunlight or moonlight. The roar of the water, unceasing and powerful, resonates across the land, a constant reminder of the world's enduring vigor and vitality. Surrounding the falls, the landscape is a blend of rugged beauty and serene wilderness, home to diverse flora and fauna, a testament to the rich tapestry of life that thrives in Middle-earth.
Fanuidhol, Cloudyhead
Fanuidhol, often shrouded in the whispers of cloud and mist, stands as one of the three sentinel peaks of the Misty Mountains, alongside its brethren, Celebdil and Caradhras. Known also as Cloudyhead, this peak boasts a visage of rugged slopes and daunting cliffs, perpetually veiled in a cloak of drifting clouds and swirling mists. Its daunting presence looms over the ancient forest of Lothlórien to the south, a land of enchantment and deep-rooted beauty, and gazes westward towards the vast, rolling plains of Eriador. Beneath its shadow, in the deeps of the earth, lies the great Dwarven realm of Khazad-dûm, a testament to the ingenuity and craftsmanship of Durin's folk. The mountain, though formidable in its stature, remains a silent guardian of the histories and secrets that have unfolded in its shadows, its true depths known only to the mountains themselves.
Feanor, Fëanor
Fëanor, a figure of unparalleled brilliance and tragedy in the history of the Elves, emerges from the chronicles of the First Age as a character of immense talent and passion. Born in Valinor, the Blessed Realm of the West, he was the most gifted of the Noldor, renowned for his skills in craftsmanship and creation, a land resplendent with the light of the Two Trees, Telperion and Laurelin. His greatest creation, the Silmarils, three gems that captured the unmarred light of these Trees, became his obsession and the catalyst for much of the sorrow that followed. Fëanor's fiery spirit led him to rebel against the Valar, the powerful beings who govern the world, after the darkening of Valinor by Morgoth, the first Dark Lord, who coveted the Silmarils. His oath to reclaim the stolen jewels drove him and his followers to Middle-earth, igniting the wars against Morgoth in Beleriand, a vast and diverse land west of the Blue Mountains, setting the stage for the tales of heroism and woe that would shape the world's destiny.
Forlindon
Forlindon, a region of ancient grandeur, lies in the northwestern part of Middle-earth, stretching along the northern shores of the Great Sea, Belegaer. It is a land of towering mountains and deep, enigmatic forests, the remnants of the primordial world shaped by the Valar. To its south, it is bordered by the Gulf of Lune, a significant geographical feature marking the division between Forlindon and its southern counterpart, Harlindon. This realm was part of the larger region of Lindon, which survived the cataclysmic changes at the end of the First Age, serving as a sanctuary for the Elves under the leadership of Gil-galad. The landscape of Forlindon is both haunting and beautiful, echoing the ancient majesty of the Eldar days, and it continues to be a testament to the enduring legacy of the Eldar in Middle-earth.
Forlond
Forlond, a lesser-known but significant harbor city, is situated in the northern realm of Forlindon, along the coast of the Great Sea in Middle-earth. It lies to the east of the Blue Mountains which serve as a formidable natural border between Eriador and the lands to the west. The city, nestled at the northern edge of the Gulf of Lune, serves as a strategic port and a point of convergence for trade and travel between the Elves of Lindon and other peoples of Middle-earth. Forlond's architecture and layout bear the timeless elegance characteristic of Elvish craftsmanship, blending seamlessly with the natural beauty of its coastal surroundings. The city, with its tranquil seafront and ancient structures, stands as a testament to the enduring presence of the Elves in the Third Age, a beacon of their storied past and their ongoing legacy.
Fornost, Norbury of the Kings
Fornost, often called Fornost Erain or the "Norbury of the Kings," is a significant city located in the north of Eriador, in the land of Middle-earth. Established by the Dúnedain, it lies to the north of the Hills of Evendim and the great Lake Evendim, in the region that was once part of the kingdom of Arnor. Fornost served as a major stronghold and, later, as the capital of the northern kingdom of Arnor after the decline of Annúminas. This city, renowned for its formidable fortifications and strategic location, played a crucial role in the defense and governance of the northern realms of Men. In the Third Age, Fornost stands as a symbol of the past glory and subsequent fall of Arnor, its ruins a poignant reminder of the ever-changing fortunes of the kingdoms of Middle-earth.
Forochel
In the icy expanses of the northwestern lands of Middle-earth lies Forochel, a vast region known for its harsh, unforgiving climate. This frigid bay, bordered by towering icy cliffs and perpetually frozen waters, serves as a barrier against the more temperate lands to the south. The Lossoth, a hardy and resilient people accustomed to the brutal cold, inhabit this desolate area, eking out a living on the ice and snow. To the east, the landscape gradually transitions into the forested regions of Eriador, providing a stark contrast to the stark, white expanses of Forochel. This region remains largely isolated, its treacherous conditions deterring many from venturing into its frozen embrace.
Forodwaith
Forodwaith, a name meaning "Northlands" in Sindarin, is a vast, frigid region located at the extreme northern end of Middle-earth. This inhospitable land, characterized by its perpetual ice and snow, stretches far beyond the known maps of the more temperate southern lands. The climate of Forodwaith is harsh and unyielding, making it largely uninhabitable for most of Middle-earth's races. Historically, it is sparsely populated, if at all, with only the hardiest of creatures and perhaps some wandering bands of Men able to endure its extreme conditions. Forodwaith stands as a symbol of the untamed and unexplored frontiers of the world, a reminder of the vast and wild expanses that lie beyond the realms of the familiar.
Galadhrim
The Galadhrim, known as the Tree-people, are a venerable and wise group of Elves residing in Lothlórien, a realm of enchanting beauty and ancient magic. Lothlórien, bordered by the Misty Mountains to the north and the River Anduin to the east, is a sanctuary of golden mallorn trees, under whose leaves the Galadhrim dwell in harmony with nature. These Elves, led by the Lady Galadriel and Lord Celeborn, are renowned for their skills in archery and craftsmanship, creating objects of exquisite beauty and power. They are fiercely protective of their hidden woodland realm, using their wisdom and strength to guard against the encroaching darkness of the world. The Galadhrim hold a deep reverence for the Valar, particularly Varda, and their culture is a testament to the enduring legacy of the Eldar in Middle-earth.
Gap of Rohan
The Gap of Rohan, a significant geographical landmark in Middle-earth, is a wide pass between the Misty Mountains to the north and the White Mountains to the south. It serves as the principal west-east route through the mountains, connecting the region of Eregion in the west to the lands of Rohan in the east. Notably, the river Isen flows through this gap, marking the northern boundary of Rohan. The gap's strategic importance is highlighted by the presence of the fortress of Isengard, situated at its northwestern entrance. The area is characterized by open grasslands, providing a stark contrast to the towering, rugged peaks of the surrounding mountains.
Gil-Galad
Gil-galad, last of the High Kings of the Noldor, stands as a luminous figure in the annals of the Elder Days, his name synonymous with valor and resistance against the encroaching darkness. Born during the years of bliss in Valinor, he witnessed the tumultuous events that led to the Flight of the Noldor and the enduring feud against Morgoth, the first Dark Lord. As High King, he established his realm in Lindon, west of the Blue Mountains, where he provided refuge for the Elves fleeing the devastation of Beleriand. His leadership and strength were pivotal during the War of the Last Alliance, a grand coalition of Elves and Men, where he forged an alliance with Elendil, the leader of the Dúnedain. Tragically, Gil-galad met his end on the slopes of Mount Doom, fighting valiantly against Sauron, marking the close of the Second Age and the end of the Noldorin Kingship in Middle-earth.
Gilrain
The River Gilrain, a serene and vital watercourse of Gondor, threads its way through the landscapes of the Third Age with quiet majesty. Originating in the White Mountains, known for their snow-capped peaks and ancient paths, this river flows southward, nourishing the lush lands of Lebennin, a region celebrated for its verdant fields and thriving agriculture. As it meanders towards its confluence with the River Serni, the Gilrain creates a natural boundary, marking the eastern edge of the province of Belfalas, where the sea meets the land in a tapestry of cliffs and beaches. The river's waters, clear and cool, are said to reflect the stars with exceptional clarity, a testament to the unspoiled beauty of the region it traverses. Along its banks, one finds a blend of tranquility and vitality, as the Gilrain plays a crucial role in the life and sustenance of the communities that dwell near its nurturing flow.
Gladden Fields
The Gladden Fields, a region of lush wetlands, lie at the confluence of the Gladden River and the Great River Anduin in Middle-earth. This area is characterized by its fertile lands, abundant in water and vegetation, creating a landscape of marshes and reed beds. Historically, the Gladden Fields are most renowned for being the site where Isildur, son of Elendil, was ambushed by Orcs and lost the One Ring in the waters of the Anduin. This event marks the Gladden Fields as a place of great significance, as it set in motion a chain of events that would resonate throughout the history of Middle-earth. Despite its pivotal role in the fate of the One Ring, the Gladden Fields maintain an appearance of serene natural beauty, a tranquil area that belies its momentous past.
Gladden
The Gladden River, a significant waterway in Middle-earth, flows from the Misty Mountains into the Great River Anduin. Emerging from the Gladden Fields, this river is known for its clear, swift waters, meandering through a landscape rich in flora and fauna. The area surrounding the Gladden River, particularly the Gladden Fields, is historically important due to its association with significant events involving the One Ring. It was near these fields that Isildur, son of Elendil, lost the One Ring in the waters of the Anduin after being ambushed by Orcs. The river and its surrounding areas, with their lush vegetation and tranquil setting, belie the momentous and tragic history that occurred here, marking it as a place of quiet significance in the greater narrative of Middle-earth.
Goblin, Goblins
Goblins, often considered synonymous with Orcs in the common tongue, are a malevolent and warlike race, bred by the dark powers in the Elder Days. They are particularly known for dwelling in the dark, cavernous places of the world, such as the Misty Mountains. These creatures are smaller in stature compared to their kin in the deeper, more ancient strongholds, but are no less cruel or destructive. Goblins are skilled in tunneling and crafting crude but effective weapons and war machines, often used in their relentless skirmishes against Dwarves and other free peoples. They are especially active during times of darkness and strife, emerging from their lairs to wreak havoc upon the lands above, driven by a deep-seated malice and the commands of their dark lords.
Gondolin, Hidden City
Gondolin, the Hidden City of the Elves, was a marvel of the First Age, founded by Turgon under the guidance of Ulmo, Lord of Waters. Nestled in the Encircling Mountains, a secret and impenetrable ring of peaks, it lay hidden from the dark forces of Morgoth. The city itself was renowned for its white towers and walls that shone like silver under the sun and moon, a testament to the skill of its Elven architects. It stood near the northern borders of Beleriand, east of the great sea Belegaer, a beacon of hope and splendor in a world darkened by war. Alas, it was ultimately betrayed and destroyed by treachery from within, its glory remembered only in song and legend.
Gondor
Gondor, a realm of Men in the South of Middle-earth, stands as a symbol of strength and resilience against the shadows of the East. Established by Elendil and his sons, Isildur and Anárion, after the downfall of Númenor, it lies bordered by the Mountains of Shadow to the east and the Sea to the west. Its capital, Osgiliath, built astride the River Anduin, gleams with the light of wisdom and valor, reflecting the legacy of the Dúnedain. Minas Anor, later known as Minas Tirith, guards the western borders, while Minas Ithil, watching over the eastern passes, bears witness to the ever-present threat of Mordor. Gondor's majestic white city, Minas Tirith, with its towering citadel and seven levels, stands as a bastion of hope in an increasingly darkening world.
Gorgoroth
Gorgoroth, a vast and desolate plateau in the northwestern part of Mordor, stands as a testament to the dark and forbidding nature of Sauron's realm. It is a barren, rocky wasteland, covered in volcanic ash and devoid of any vegetation, under the shadow of the looming Mount Doom to the west. This grim expanse is scarred by lava flows and jagged crevices, with an oppressive atmosphere that stifles even the hardiest of creatures. To the south lies the valley of Udûn, the main entrance to Mordor, and to the east, the formidable fortress of Barad-dûr, from which Sauron surveys his domain. Gorgoroth serves as the industrial heartland of Mordor, where forges and mines operate ceaselessly, fueling Sauron's war machine with their dark industry.
Greenwood
Greenwood, known in its earlier days for its vast and flourishing forests, stands as a major woodland in Middle-earth, located east of the Anduin River. In the times before the shadow, this forest was renowned for its lush and vibrant flora, hosting a wide array of wildlife and serving as the realm of Wood-elves under King Thranduil. The trees of Greenwood, tall and richly canopied, created an environment of both beauty and mystery, a testament to the natural splendor of Middle-earth. Historically, the forest has been a place of significance, not only for its elven inhabitants but also as a landmark for those traveling through or dwelling in the regions of Rhovanion. Greenwood's deep woods and hidden paths have long been a source of legend and lore, reflecting the enchanting and often enigmatic character of the wilder parts of the world.
Grey Mountains, Ered Mithrin
The Grey Mountains, known as Ered Mithrin in Sindarin, stretch as a formidable range in the northern part of Middle-earth, forming a natural barrier between the lands of the North and the more populated realms to the south. This mountain range is characterized by its rugged peaks, steep valleys, and the general inhospitability of its terrain, often cloaked in mists and cold winds. Historically, the Grey Mountains have been rich in minerals, attracting Dwarves who established several significant realms within these mountains. However, by the Third Age, these Dwarf realms have largely been abandoned or fallen into ruin, due in part to the increasing presence of dragons and other perilous creatures. The Grey Mountains, thus, stand as a symbol of both the glory and the decline of the Dwarven kingdoms, and a reminder of the ever-present dangers lurking in the wilder parts of Middle-earth.
Greyflood, Gwathló, Gwathlo
Gwathló, known also as the Greyflood, meanders through the lands of Middle-earth as a significant waterway, its origins steeped in the mingling of the waters from the Misty Mountains and the southern Ered Nimrais. This river, characterized by its wide, meandering path and its silvery-grey waters, serves as a natural boundary, marking the ancient borders between the realms of Arnor and Gondor. The banks of Gwathló are rich in history, having witnessed the rise and fall of civilizations and the passing of many ages. Notably, near its mouth lay the ruins of Tharbad, once a bustling port and crossing point, now fallen into ruin and largely forgotten by the dawn of the Third Age. The Gwathló, in its quiet majesty, flows on towards the Sea, a silent guardian of the memories and tales of old.
Gulf of Lune
The Gulf of Lune, a significant geographical feature in Middle-earth, cuts deeply into the western lands, forming a natural boundary between the regions of Forlindon to the north and Harlindon to the south. This gulf, renowned for its broad, sweeping waters, serves as a vital maritime passage, connecting the Great Sea, Belegaer, to the inland realms. The ancient Blue Mountains frame the eastern boundary of the gulf, their towering peaks standing as silent sentinels over the region. The mouth of the gulf is known for its scenic beauty, where the sea meets the lush, green lands of Lindon, a realm rich in Elven history and culture. The Gulf of Lune is not only a crucial conduit for trade and travel in the Third Age but also a symbol of the enduring connection between the Elves of Lindon and the wider world of Middle-earth.
Gundabad
Mount Gundabad, a formidable mountain situated in the northernmost peaks of the Misty Mountains, holds a place of significant historical and strategic importance. This towering mountain, known for its daunting height and treacherous slopes, has been a site of contention and conflict throughout the ages. In ancient times, it was revered as a sacred site by the Dwarves, believed to be the location where Durin, the eldest of the Seven Fathers of the Dwarves, awoke. However, over the centuries, Mount Gundabad became a stronghold for Orcs and other dark creatures, turning it into a place of dread and danger. Its strategic location, controlling key passes through the Misty Mountains, makes it a crucial point in the geography of the North, marking the border between the wild lands to the north and the more settled regions to the south.
Haradrim
The Haradrim, a collective term for the peoples of Harad, are a diverse and formidable people residing in the vast southern lands of Middle-earth, stretching from Near Harad to the far reaches of Haradwaith. These men of the south are distinguished by their varied cultures and languages, shaped by the harsh climates and challenging landscapes of their homeland. Known for their skill in warfare and their use of mighty beasts such as the Mûmakil, the Haradrim have often been in conflict with Gondor, their northern neighbor, throughout the ages. Their appearance, customs, and attire reflect the diversity and adaptability necessary for life in the extreme conditions of their lands, from arid deserts to lush coastlines. The Haradrim, despite their frequent depiction as adversaries of the northern realms, embody a rich and complex society, deeply rooted in the history and geography of the southern parts of Middle-earth.
Haradwaith
Haradwaith, a term meaning "South-folk," refers to the vast and largely unexplored region located to the far south of Gondor, and it encompasses the lands of the Haradrim. This expansive territory, stretching far beyond the borders of Near Harad, is characterized by its harsh, arid deserts and hot climate, a stark contrast to the temperate lands of Gondor to the north. Inhabited by the Haradrim, a people known for their fierce independence and unique customs, Haradwaith represents a world distinct from the familiar cultures of the north. The region is also home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including the mighty Mûmakil, enormous elephant-like creatures renowned for their size and strength. Haradwaith's strategic and cultural significance is underscored by its frequent conflicts with Gondor, as well as its role as a gateway to the even more mysterious and remote lands of the far south.
Harlindon
Harlindon, a region of enchanting beauty, is situated in the southwestern part of Eriador, extending along the southern shores of the Great Sea, Belegaer. This land lies directly south of the Gulf of Lune, forming a natural counterpart to the northern region of Forlindon, with both comprising the larger realm of Lindon. The Blue Mountains rise majestically to its east, delineating Harlindon's boundary and connecting it to the interior lands of Middle-earth. Known for its lush landscapes and rolling hills, Harlindon is adorned with vibrant flora and fauna, reflecting the harmonious touch of its Elven inhabitants. As a realm under the influence of the Elves, Harlindon exudes an air of ancient serenity and grace, a testament to the enduring legacy of the Eldar in these lands.
Harlond
Harlond, known as the southern haven, is a port city located in the Elven realm of Harlindon, along the southern shores of the Gulf of Lune in Middle-earth. It lies to the west of the Blue Mountains, which form a natural border with Eriador and the lands beyond. This city serves as a crucial maritime gateway, facilitating trade and communication between the Elves of Lindon and other peoples across Middle-earth. The architecture and design of Harlond reflect the sophisticated and harmonious style of Elvish craftsmanship, seamlessly integrating the city's structures with the surrounding natural beauty of its coastal setting. As a center of Elven culture and activity in the Third Age, Harlond stands as a vibrant and enduring symbol of the Elves' presence and influence in the world.
Harondor, South Gondor
Harondor, often called South Gondor, is a land of contested borders lying between Gondor and Near Harad. Its name, translating to "South Gondor," reflects its ambiguous status, often serving as a buffer zone in the ongoing conflicts between Gondor and the Haradrim. Geographically, it lies to the south of Ithilien, stretching towards the vast deserts of Harad, characterized by its arid climate and sparse vegetation, a stark contrast to the green fields of Pelargir and Lebennin to its north. Throughout its history, Harondor has witnessed numerous skirmishes and has frequently changed hands between the two dominant powers. Despite its harsh environment and turbulent history, it remains a land of strategic importance, marking the southernmost reach of Gondorian influence and serving as a testament to the enduring struggle between the northern kingdoms and the realms of Harad.
Helcaraxë, Helcaraxe, Grinding Ice
Helcaraxë, known also as the Grinding Ice, was a vast and treacherous region in the north of the world, an ancient bridge of ice connecting the continents of Aman and Middle-earth. In the elder days, this frozen expanse bore witness to the indomitable will of the Noldor, led by Fingolfin, as they undertook a perilous journey, fleeing the Blessed Realm to pursue Morgoth into the lands of Middle-earth. The ice, ever shifting and cracking, presented a landscape of daunting peaks and chasms, where the bitter cold and howling winds tested the limits of endurance and fortitude. This desolate passage, marked by loss and hardship, forever etched itself into the annals of Elvish history, a testament to the unyielding spirit of those who crossed it. Now, as the Third Age dawns, Helcaraxë has succumbed to the changing world, its once formidable expanse fading into the mists of time, leaving only the echoes of its legacy in the stories of the Eldar.
Helm Hammerhand
Helm Hammerhand, a name etched in the annals of Rohan's history, ruled as the ninth King of that land, a realm of rolling plains and thundering hooves, nestled between the Misty Mountains and the White Mountains. His reign is remembered for its valor and the darkness that befell his kingdom, as Rohan, known for its horse-lords and vast, grassy fields of the Riddermark, faced great strife. Helm, known for his immense strength and formidable presence, was a warrior-king whose very name became synonymous with resilience and fierce determination. During the Long Winter, a time of great hardship, Helm's Holdfast at the Hornburg, a fortress within the valley of Helm's Deep, served as a refuge against the relentless assaults of the Dunlendings. His legend endures beyond his mortal life, remembered in the echoing Horn of Helm Hammerhand that is said to sound in times of Rohan's direst need, a spectral call to arms amidst the rugged beauty of the land he fiercely protected.
Helm's Deep
Helm's Deep, a valley in the White Mountains of Rohan, is known for its formidable defensive position. At the head of this deep valley lies the Hornburg, a strong fortress that guards the entrance to the Deeping Coomb. The valley itself is enclosed by towering, unscalable cliffs, providing natural protection. A key feature of Helm's Deep is the Deeping Wall, a massive barrier stretching across the valley's mouth, designed to repel invaders. This location, steeped in Rohirric history, is named after Helm Hammerhand, a legendary King of Rohan, and serves as a crucial stronghold in times of war, offering refuge and a defensive advantage to its defenders.
Hills of Evendim, Emyn Uial
The Hills of Evendim, known as Emyn Uial in Sindarin, are a prominent range located in the northern part of Eriador, in Middle-earth. These hills lie to the west and north of the serene Lake Evendim, also known as Nenuial, and they extend southward towards the region of the Shire. The Hills of Evendim are characterized by their rolling, often steep terrain, covered in lush greenery and dotted with clear streams and ponds. Historically, these hills overlooked Annúminas, the ancient capital of the kingdom of Arnor, situating them in a region rich with the history of Men. The natural beauty and historical resonance of the Hills of Evendim make them a significant and evocative feature of the northern Middle-earth landscape.
Himling
Himling, a solitary island in the Great Sea, stands as a relic of the ancient realm of Beleriand, which was engulfed by the waters in the cataclysm at the end of the First Age. This island was once the hill of Himring, the site of the fortress of Maedhros, one of the sons of Fëanor. Himring, known for its strategic location, played a crucial role in the battles against Morgoth, as it lay central in the defensive line known as the March of Maedhros. The fortress atop it was famed for never falling to the enemy, a testament to the resolve of the Noldor Elves under Maedhros's command. Now, as Himling, it stands above the waves, a rugged and enduring symbol of the resilience and tragedies of the First Age, its history etched into the very stone and soil of the island.
Hoarwell, Mitheithel
The River Hoarwell, known in Sindarin as the Mitheithel, is a significant waterway flowing through Middle-earth. Its source lies in the Misty Mountains, specifically from the Ettenmoors, a desolate and rugged region to the north. From there, the Hoarwell meanders southeastward, defining part of the border between the lands of Rhudaur to the east and the region of the Trollshaws to the west. Its waters, often cold and swift, travel through the wilderness before joining with the Loudwater River, contributing to the formation of the great river Gwathló in the distant south. The Hoarwell is known for its clear, icy waters and the rocky, treacherous banks that mark much of its course through the wild lands of Eriador.
Hobbit, Hobbits, Halfling, Halflings
Hobbits, a small and unobtrusive race, dwell mostly in the Shire, a region in the northwest of the ancient kingdom of Arnor. Their land, characterized by gentle hills, well-tended farms, and cozy burrows, lies west of the Brandywine River and north of the Far Downs. Hobbits are known for their love of peace, comfort, and simple pleasures like gardening, feasting, and pipe-smoking. They are typically shy of the 'Big Folk' and avoid the affairs of the wider world, preferring their quiet, pastoral life. Their history, largely unrecorded and uneventful, has allowed them to live in relative obscurity and tranquility.
Hobbiton
In the verdant lands of the Shire, nestled amid gently rolling hills and fertile fields, lies the quaint and peaceful village of Hobbiton. This picturesque hamlet, a tapestry of well-tended gardens, cozy hobbit-holes, and winding lanes, thrives in the heart of the Westfarthing. Hobbiton, bordered by the meandering Water to the north, is marked by its lush greenery and the simple, earthy architecture of its inhabitants, the Hobbits. The Hill, crowned with fine Hobbit holes, stands as a prominent feature of the village. Life in Hobbiton moves with a serene, unhurried rhythm, reflecting the Hobbits' love for peace, comfort, and the joys of hearth and home.
Hollin, Eregion
Hollin, known also as Eregion, was a realm of the Noldorin Elves during the Second Age, situated west of the Misty Mountains and east of the River Glanduin. Its lands were once lush and green, famed for their holly trees, which gave the land its name. Eregion flourished under the leadership of Celebrimbor, a master craftsman and grandson of Fëanor, renowned for his skill and artistry. It was here that the Rings of Power, including the Three Elven Rings, were forged in collaboration with the Maia Annatar, later revealed as the Dark Lord Sauron. By the Third Age, Hollin had fallen into ruin, its glory days long past, remembered only in song and legend, with its once-great buildings and workshops crumbled and overtaken by the relentless march of time.
Hornburg
In the early years of the Third Age, the Hornburg stands as a formidable fortress, a bulwark of the Rohirrim in the western reaches of Rohan. Located in the deep valley of Helm's Deep, near the towering peaks of the White Mountains, this stronghold is renowned for its impregnability, a testament to the architectural prowess of the Men of the West. The Hornburg, with its high walls and commanding tower, serves as both a military bastion and a place of refuge, guarding the Gap of Rohan and overlooking the ancient Gondorian road that runs through the valley. Its history is interwoven with tales of sieges and battles, echoing the tumultuous times it has witnessed and the resilience of its defenders. The Horn of the Hornburg, a symbol of Rohan's enduring spirit, is said to resonate through the valley, a clarion call in times of direst need, reverberating against the mountains and inspiring both hope and fear.
Irmo
In the timeless realms of Valinor, amidst gardens of sleep and dreams, dwells Irmo, one of the Valar, often called Lórien after the gardens he tends. Lórien's gardens, a place of enchanting beauty and serenity, lie in the eastern lands of Valinor, bathed in the light of the Two Trees, shimmering with a radiance that nurtures both the land and the spirits of the Valar. Este, his spouse, presides over rest and healing, complementing Irmo's mastery over dreams and visions, making their realm a sanctuary for the weary and troubled souls of Arda. Irmo, a master of vision and foresight, plays a crucial role in shaping the destinies of Elves and Men, often sending prophetic dreams to guide them during the pivotal moments of the First and Second Ages. As a guardian of spirits and shepherd of dreams, his influence extends beyond the confines of his gardens, touching the lives of beings across Middle-earth, though his presence is most keenly felt in times of reflection and repose.
Iron Hills
The Iron Hills, known for their rich deposits of iron ore, are a significant range of hills located in the northeastern part of Middle-earth. These hills, characterized by their rugged terrain and mineral wealth, have long been a stronghold of the Dwarves, particularly the kin of Durin. The Iron Hills are situated to the northeast of the Lonely Mountain, Erebor, and to the southeast of the Grey Mountains, making them strategically important in the geography of the northern lands. The Dwarves, under the leadership of figures such as Dáin Ironfoot, established prosperous and well-fortified settlements here, capitalizing on the abundant resources the hills offered. The Iron Hills stand as a testament to the industriousness and resilience of the Dwarven people, serving both as their home and as a bastion against the threats that lurk in the northern realms.
Isen
The River Isen, a vital waterway in Middle-earth, originates in the Misty Mountains near the borders of Eregion and flows westward. It passes through the Gap of Rohan, serving as the northern boundary of the Kingdom of Rohan. The river is renowned for its swift currents and clear, cold waters, reflecting its mountainous origins. Along its banks, the terrain varies from rocky outcrops to grassy plains, especially as it approaches the flatlands of Rohan. The Isen plays a crucial role in the geography and politics of the region, acting as a natural barrier and a strategic landmark, especially near the fortress of Isengard, where it meets the southern tip of the Misty Mountains.
Isengard
Isengard, a fortress of great strength and ancient origin, stands in the northwestern corner of the Gap of Rohan, at the southern end of the Misty Mountains. It is built around the Tower of Orthanc, a black, impenetrable tower of unknown construction, rising high above the surrounding plain. The fortress itself is encircled by a great ring-wall of stone, making it nearly impregnable. Isengard sits at the confluence of the River Isen and the foothills of the Misty Mountains, a strategic location controlling the western approaches to the Gap of Rohan. Its lands are rich and fertile, fed by the waters of the Isen, creating a stark contrast with the ruggedness of the nearby mountains.
Isildur
In the dusk of the Second Age, Isildur, son of Elendil, was a pivotal figure in the annals of history, renowned for his deeds and the weight of his legacy. He, alongside his father and brother, Anárion, founded the realm of Gondor in the South, a land of towering fortresses and enduring might, set against the backdrop of the White Mountains, with Minas Anor and Minas Ithil guarding its western and eastern flanks, respectively. Amidst the shadows of looming war, he became a member of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men, a grand coalition forged to challenge the darkness of Sauron, whose malice spread from the fiery chasms of Mount Doom in Mordor. In the aftermath of the Alliance's harrowing victory, Isildur obtained the One Ring, a band of deceit and power, from the defeated Dark Lord, Sauron, marking a moment of both triumph and impending doom. However, the Ring's baleful influence and Isildur's tragic demise near the Gladden Fields, where the River Anduin whispers of lost kings and ancient sorrows, entwined his name with a legacy of sorrow and unfulfilled destinies.
Ithilien, Garden of Gondor
Ithilien, known as the Garden of Gondor, is a region of lush beauty and diverse flora, nestled between the Anduin River and the Mountains of Shadow. Its landscape, characterized by rolling hills, verdant woods, and clear streams, is a contrast to the harshness of neighboring Mordor to the east. Rich in wildlife and blooming with flowers, Ithilien is celebrated for its serene natural beauty and is often described as an earthly paradise. The region, though sparsely populated, has several hidden refuges and watchposts used by the Rangers of Gondor, vigilant against intrusions from the enemy's lands. The ruins of Emyn Arnen, situated in the heart of Ithilien, hold historical significance as the ancestral home of the Stewards of Gondor.
Khand
Khand, a region shrouded in mystery and seldom mentioned in the annals of the Eldar and the Dúnedain, lies far to the southeast of Gondor, beyond the reach of the familiar maps of Middle-earth. It is a land characterized by vast, arid steppes and harsh, unforgiving deserts, a stark contrast to the green and fertile lands of the west. The people of Khand, known as the Variags, are renowned for their fierce warrior culture, often clashing with neighboring realms, yet little else is known of their customs or governance. Geographically, Khand serves as a buffer between the lands of Mordor to the north, with its dark, looming presence, and the distant realms of Harad to the south, with its exotic and varied cultures. This enigmatic land remains a subject of speculation and unease among the Free Peoples of Middle-earth, its true nature and history obscured by distance and the mists of time.
Lake Evendim, Nenuial
Lake Evendim, also known as Nenuial in Sindarin, is a large, serene lake located in the northern region of Eriador in Middle-earth. Situated to the north of the Shire and the east of the Blue Mountains, it serves as the source of the Brandywine River. This lake is renowned for its tranquil beauty, with clear, shimmering waters surrounded by rolling hills and lush greenery. In the past, Lake Evendim was the site of Annúminas, the ancient capital of the kingdom of Arnor, a testament to its historical significance in the realms of Men. The lake, with its reflective waters and peaceful surroundings, remains a symbol of the enduring natural beauty and historical depth of the lands of Eriador.
Laurelin, The Two Trees
Laurelin, the Golden Tree, stood alongside Telperion as one of the Two Trees of Valinor, casting a warm, golden light over the Blessed Realm of the Valar. Its radiant glow complemented the silver light of Telperion, creating a cycle of light that predated the Sun and Moon. Laurelin's boughs bore golden leaves, and its dew was like liquid gold, deeply cherished by the inhabitants of Valinor. This magnificent tree, along with Telperion, was located in the land of Aman, far west of Middle-earth, in the hallowed realm of Valinor. The tragic darkening of Laurelin by Morgoth and Ungoliant marked a cataclysmic event, leading to the end of the Years of the Trees and the dawning of the First Age.
Lebennin
Lebennin, a fair and populous region of Gondor, stretches gracefully between the Rivers Gilrain and Serni, flowing southward to the Bay of Belfalas. Its lands, characterized by lush meadows, gentle hills, and numerous streams, are among the most fertile and well-cultivated in the kingdom. The region is known for its numerous small villages and farmsteads, dotted amidst the green fields and orchards, sustaining a thriving agrarian community. Lebennin's people, often described as joyous and hardworking, play a significant role in the economy and defense of Gondor. The capital of Lebennin, Linhir, located near the mouth of the Gilrain, serves as a vital crossroads for trade and communication within the southern realms of the kingdom.
Lindon
Lindon, the land of the singing waves, cradles the remnants of the Elven realms in the west of Middle-earth, where the Grey Havens, Mithlond, lie under the watch of Círdan the Shipwright. It is a place of ancient beauty, where the Towers of Gil-galad once stood, and now the Elves linger in the twilight of the world, by the shores that look westward towards the undying lands. The region, bordered by the Blue Mountains to the east, serves as a somber reminder of the world’s great battles and the enduring grace of the Eldar. The tranquil havens are hallowed by the departure of the white ships, which bear the ring-bearers and keepers of lore from the fading realms of Middle-earth. Lindon remains, at the dawn of the Third Age, a sanctuary of peace and memory, a coastal realm where the sea's call is a poignant echo of times long passed.
Linhir
Linhir, a town of significance nestled in the region of Lebennin in Gondor, stands at the dawn of the Third Age as a beacon of trade and crossroads. Situated strategically at the confluence of the Rivers Serni and Gilrain, it serves as a vital link between the inland realms and the coastal regions, underpinning the commerce and communication within the kingdom. The town is characterized by its bustling marketplaces and well-traveled bridges, where the mingling of river and sea traders creates a tapestry of cultural exchange and economic vitality. Surrounded by the fertile lands of Lebennin, Linhir benefits from the bounties of both agriculture and the sea, making it a hub of prosperity and sustenance. The town, with its blend of strategic importance and natural beauty, plays a crucial role in the life of Gondor, standing as a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of its people in the face of the ever-changing tides of history.
Lossarnach
Lossarnach, a lush and fertile region in Gondor, lies in the valley of the White Mountains, renowned for its abundant orchards and flower-laden fields. It is situated to the southwest of Minas Tirith, not far from the banks of the River Anduin. This area is celebrated for its beauty and agricultural prosperity, often referred to as the garden of Gondor due to its rich soil and favorable climate. The inhabitants of Lossarnach, known for their horticultural skills, are a hardy and vibrant folk, contributing significantly to the sustenance of the kingdom. The township of Lossarnach, the center of this region, is a bustling hub of trade and community life, surrounded by the picturesque landscape of greenery and blooms.
Lossoth
The Lossoth, a lesser-known but resilient people, dwell in the icy realm of Forochel, in the far northwestern reaches of Middle-earth. They are a hardy folk, adapted to the extreme cold and harsh conditions of their homeland, leading a nomadic lifestyle centered around hunting and fishing. Their culture and survival skills are uniquely tailored to the snow-covered landscape, where they ingeniously use ice and snow in their daily lives, from building shelters to crafting tools. The Lossoth are characterized by their strong sense of community and deep connection to their unforgiving environment, a testament to their resourcefulness and endurance. Despite their isolation, they occasionally interact with travelers, offering a rare glimpse into their unique way of life amid the snow and ice.
Lothlorien, Lorien, Lothlórien, Lórien
Lothlórien, known as the Golden Wood, lies east of the Misty Mountains and south of the realm of Caras Galadhon. Its enchanting forests are filled with mallorn trees, whose golden leaves shimmer under the starlight and sun, creating a land of perpetual autumnal beauty. The Silvan Elves, led by Celeborn and Galadriel, dwell in this haven, living in harmony with the ancient woods. The Nimrodel River flows through the forest, adding a melodious tranquility to the atmosphere. Bordering the lands of Moria to the north, Lothlórien stands as a serene and isolated realm, untouched by the darkness encroaching upon Middle-earth.
Loudwater, Bruinen
The Loudwater, or Bruinen in Sindarin, is a prominent river in Middle-earth, renowned for its swift and turbulent flow. It originates in the high, snow-covered peaks of the Misty Mountains, near the hidden valley of Rivendell, an ancient Elven refuge. The river cascades down through steep valleys and gorges, defining the eastern boundary of the land known as Eregion, once home to a flourishing community of Elves renowned for their craftsmanship. As the Loudwater continues its course, it serves as a natural barrier between Eregion and the Trollshaws to the east. Eventually, it merges with the Hoarwell River to form the greater river Gwathló, its waters contributing to the lush landscapes of Enedwaith and Minhiriath far to the south.
Maia, Maiar
In the tapestry of the world's history, the Maiar are spirits of lesser might than the Valar, yet instrumental in shaping the unfolding of events and lands in the ages past. Emissaries of the thought of Eru Ilúvatar, they descend into Arda to assist in its making and governance, each aligned with particular aspects of creation and often serving specific Valar. Among them, Melian the Maia dwells in Middle-earth, her presence in Doriath, amidst the forest of Region, imparting an enchantment that protects and isolates this realm. To the east, in the fiery chasms of Orodruin, a Maia named Sauron, once a servant of Aulë, turns to darkness, aligning himself with Morgoth and playing a pivotal role in the strife and sorrows of the First Age. The Maiar also include the Istari, spirits sent in the guise of old men, though their purpose and influence are yet to be revealed as the Third Age dawns.
Manwe, Manwë
Manwë Súlimo, the chief among the Valar, holds the title of the King of Arda and the Lord of the Breath of Arda. As the eldest brother of Melkor, he was appointed by Eru Ilúvatar to be the leader of the Valar in their governance and stewardship of the world. Manwë is most closely aligned with the air and the winds, commanding the spirits of the air, and is often depicted as a figure of majestic authority and benevolence. His throne is set upon the mountain Taniquetil, the highest peak in the world, located in the Undying Lands of Aman. From this lofty vantage point, Manwë oversees the realms of Arda, acting with wisdom and fairness, deeply committed to the vision of Eru and the ultimate destiny of the world.
Meduseld
Meduseld, the great hall of the Kings of Rohan, stands as a majestic and iconic structure in Edoras, the capital of Rohan. Constructed atop a hill, it overlooks the vast plains of the Riddermark, offering a commanding view of the surrounding lands. The hall is famed for its golden thatched roof, which glows like gold in the sunlight, serving as a beacon across the Rohirric lands. Inside, Meduseld is richly adorned with tapestries and furnishings that reflect the history and culture of the Rohirrim, and its high, vaulted ceilings add to its grandeur. The hall is not only a seat of governance and justice but also a symbol of the strength and unity of the Rohirrim, hosting gatherings, feasts, and important councils.
Melkor, Morgoth
Melkor, later known as Morgoth, was the first and most powerful of the Ainur created by Eru Ilúvatar. Initially part of the Music of the Ainur, he sought to weave his own themes into the creation, leading to discord and strife. Melkor's insatiable thirst for power and dominance over Arda led him to wage war against the other Valar, bringing untold suffering and corruption to the world. His malevolence shaped many of the darkest moments in the history of Arda, from the marring of the Two Trees of Valinor to the wars against Elves and Men. Despite his eventual defeat and expulsion from the world at the end of the First Age, his shadow lingered, influencing events and beings long after his departure.
Men
Men, the Secondborn of Eru Ilúvatar, are a diverse and widespread race, marked by their mortality, a gift which sets them apart from the immortal Elves. They first appeared in the far east of Middle-earth, in a land known as Hildórien, at the start of the First Age. Unlike Elves, Men are destined to leave the world after their brief lives, a fate that deeply influences their cultures and histories. Throughout the ages, Men have established various realms and kingdoms, notable among them being Númenor, Gondor, and Rohan, each with its own customs and traditions. Men are known for their adaptability and ambition, but also for their susceptibility to corruption and the influence of dark powers, as seen in their varied alliances and conflicts with Elves, Dwarves, and other races of Middle-earth.
Menegroth, Thousand Caves
Menegroth, the Thousand Caves, was a splendid and storied city of the First Age, the seat of King Thingol and Queen Melian in the kingdom of Doriath. Carved into the cliffs of the River Esgalduin, its intricate halls and chambers were wrought by Dwarves, reflecting a rare collaboration between Elves and Dwarves. The heart of Doriath, Menegroth was famed for its tapestries and carvings, depicting the histories and legends of Middle-earth, a symbol of Elven artistry and culture. Situated in the central region of Beleriand, it was shielded by the Girdle of Melian, a magical barrier that kept it safe from the threats of the outside world. However, this sanctuary was ultimately breached due to the strife and tragedy brought by the Silmaril, leading to the city's desolation and the end of Thingol's line.
Minas Ithil
Minas Ithil, initially known as the Tower of the Rising Moon, is a city founded by Isildur in the land of Ithilien, within the Kingdom of Gondor. Situated in a valley at the foothills of the Mountains of Shadow, it faces the dark lands of Mordor to the east. The city, bathed in the silver light of the moon, was built as a stronghold against the forces of Sauron and as a counterpart to Minas Anor, the Tower of the Setting Sun. Minas Ithil's architecture, with its tall, slender towers and white walls, reflects the luminous beauty and grace of the moon. Over time, the city, steeped in the eerie shadows of the nearby land of Mordor, has come to experience an increasing sense of foreboding and unease.
Minas Tirith, Minas Anor, Tower of Guard
Minas Tirith, originally named Minas Anor, is a fortress-city of Gondor, standing as a testament to the strength and craftsmanship of the Dúnedain. Perched on the Hill of Guard, it faces eastward towards Mordor, guarding the realms of Men against the darkness. The city is renowned for its unique design, featuring seven concentric levels, each enclosed by white stone walls and accessed through gated passages that wind upwards in a spiral. At its summit lies the Citadel, where the White Tower of Ecthelion towers over the Pelennor Fields, a beacon of hope and vigilance. The city's intricate layout, with its narrow streets and grand structures, is a marvel of engineering, symbolizing the enduring spirit and resilience of Gondor.
Minhiriath
Minhiriath, a vast region in southern Eriador, lies between the Brandywine River to the north and the Greyflood River to the south, stretching westward towards the Blue Mountains. In the early ages, this land was heavily forested, part of the great forest that once covered much of Eriador. However, by the Third Age, much of Minhiriath's forests have been depleted, a result of extensive logging by the Númenóreans during the Second Age and subsequent warfare. The landscape, as a consequence, is predominantly a mix of open grasslands and sparse woodlands, bearing the scars of its turbulent history. Its sparsely populated expanse, primarily by the descendants of the pre-Númenórean inhabitants, adds to the sense of a land that has long endured the passing of time and the waning of its former glory.
Mirrormere, Kheled-zaram, Kheled-zâram
Mirrormere, known in the Dwarvish tongue as Kheled-zâram, lies cradled in the Dimrill Dale, east of the great peaks of the Misty Mountains and the ancient halls of Khazad-dûm. This serene lake, renowned for its crystal-clear waters, reflects the surrounding mountains and skies with such clarity that it appears as a gateway to another world. The waters of Mirrormere, deep and undisturbed, hold a sacred significance to the Dwarves, for it is said that Durin the Deathless, the eldest of their kind, beheld a crown of stars in its mirror-like surface, an auspicious omen that led to the founding of Khazad-dûm. The lake's shores, hemmed by the steep walls of the mountains, offer a rare tranquility in the otherwise rugged and wild landscape of the Dimrill Dale. Mirrormere, untouched by the passage of ages, remains a silent witness to the ebb and flow of times, a timeless jewel set amidst the ever-changing world.
Misty Mountains, Hithaeglir
The Misty Mountains, known in Sindarin as Hithaeglir, are a grand and ancient mountain range that runs north to south, bisecting Middle-earth. These towering peaks, often shrouded in clouds and mist, form a natural barrier between the western lands of Eriador and the eastern realms of Wilderland. The range is renowned for its steep slopes, deep valleys, and numerous passes, including the treacherous Caradhras and the famed High Pass. Within the Misty Mountains lie many caves and tunnels, some of which are the remnants of old Dwarven kingdoms, such as Khazad-dûm. The mountains are also home to a variety of creatures, including Goblins and the mysterious and ancient being known as the Balrog, making them a place of both wonder and peril in the lore of Middle-earth.
Mithlond, Grey Havens
Mithlond, known also as the Grey Havens, lies nestled on the Gulf of Lune, a sanctuary where the gulls cry and the sea meets the land. It is presided over by Círdan the Shipwright, an Elf of great antiquity whose wisdom is as deep as the waters that lap his quays. The architecture of Mithlond, with its towering white walls and many quays, speaks of an elder grace, befitting the shipbuilders and mariners who dwell within. To the east rise the Blue Mountains, a stern boundary between the havens and the wider expanse of Middle-earth. Mithlond serves as the departure point for the white ships bound for Valinor, the last sight of Middle-earth for those who journey into the West, carrying with them the hopes and memories of an age fading into legend.
Mithril
Mithril, a rare and precious metal found deep within the earth, glimmers with a silver-white light that surpasses even that of steel, yet it remains as light as a feather. Most famed among its deposits lies within Khazad-dûm, the great Dwarven city beneath the Misty Mountains, where it is mined and crafted with unparalleled skill. Esteemed by Dwarves and Elves alike, this metal is prized for its strength and beauty, often used to create armor and jewelry of both incredible durability and exquisite craftsmanship. The scarcity of Mithril makes it more valuable than gold, and tales of its use in ancient times are woven into the lore of many races across Middle-earth. Its presence beneath the mountains is a testament to the deep mysteries and riches that lie hidden within the earth, sought after by many, yet possessed by few.
Morannon, the Black Gate
Morannon, also known as the Black Gate, stands as a formidable and ominous structure at the northwestern frontier of Mordor, guarding the entrance from the haunted plains of Dagorlad. Erected during the Second Age under the dark reign of Sauron, this massive gate is built of iron and stone, reflecting the might and dread of its master. Flanked by the imposing Teeth of Mordor, two great towers, it serves as both a defensive bulwark and a symbol of the Dark Lord's power. To the west of Morannon lies the desolate expanse of Dagorlad, and to the south, the eerie marshlands known as the Dead Marshes. This gateway, with its daunting presence and strategic importance, marks the threshold between the relative safety of the lands to the west and the shadowed realm of Mordor to the east.
Mordor
Mordor, a realm of shadow and fire, lies in the southeastern part of Middle-earth, bordered by the Ephel Dúath (Mountains of Shadow) to the west and the Ered Lithui (Ash Mountains) to the north. It is a land of desolation and despair, dominated by the dark lord Sauron from his fortress of Barad-dûr, situated in the northwestern region near the fiery Mount Doom. The landscape of Mordor is largely inhospitable, characterized by vast barren plains like Gorgoroth and Udûn, and a climate filled with ash and smoke from Mount Doom. The only fertile area, Núrn, lies in the south, sustained by the waters of the Sea of Núrnen, and is used to feed Sauron's armies. Mordor's heavily fortified borders, including the impregnable Black Gate, render it nearly impenetrable, securing Sauron's dominion and his ambition to conquer all of Middle-earth.
Moria, Khazad-dum, Khazad-dûm
Moria, known in ancient times as Khazad-dûm, stands as one of the most magnificent and fabled creations of the Dwarves. Located beneath the Misty Mountains, it spans the breadth from the Dimrill Dale in the west to the Black Pit in the east. This subterranean realm was renowned for its vast halls, deep mines, and the light of countless crystals and precious gems, including the prized mithril. It was established by Durin the Deathless, the eldest of the Seven Fathers of the Dwarves, and grew to be the greatest of the Dwarf realms in Middle-earth. However, by the Third Age, it lies abandoned and dark, a silent testament to the grandeur and tragedy of the Dwarven race, its echoing halls and intricate carvings now shrouded in shadow and mystery.
Mount Doom, Orodruin, Amon Amarth
Mount Doom, known in the Black Speech as Orodruin and in Sindarin as Amon Amarth, stands as a daunting and sinister presence within the dark lands of Mordor. It is a great volcano, characterized by its perpetual shroud of smoke and ash that veils the skies, casting a shadow of dread across the barren landscape. Situated in the northwest of Mordor, it lies at the heart of the dark lord Sauron's realm, bordered to the north by the barren Ash Plains and to the east by the vast plateaus of Gorgoroth. The mountain is infamous for its fiery chasm, within which the One Ring was forged, a fact known to few but of monumental significance. Its slopes, devoid of vegetation, are steep and treacherous, instilling fear and awe in all who behold this symbol of Sauron's power.
Mountains of Shadow, Ephel Duath, Ephel
The Ephel Dúath, known in the Common Speech as the Mountains of Shadow, form the formidable western and southern boundaries of the land of Mordor. These towering, jagged peaks, cloaked in darkness and mystery, stretch from the north near the Black Gate, curving down to the southern reaches bordering Núrn. The mountains are virtually impassable, with steep cliffs and treacherous paths, serving as a natural defense for Mordor against any would-be invaders from the west. Within these mountains lies the haunted pass of Cirith Ungol, a perilous route infested with dangers, including the lair of the monstrous Shelob. The Ephel Dúath, with their ominous presence and shadowy crevices, epitomize the sense of dread and isolation that envelops Sauron's realm, standing as a barrier between the dark lands of Mordor and the rest of Middle-earth.
Mumakil, Mûmakil, Oliphaunt
Mûmakil, colossal beasts of the south, stand as a testament to the diverse and wondrous creations that inhabit the world in ages past and present. Resembling great elephants, yet far surpassing them in size and might, these creatures hail from the distant lands of Harad, a realm of sun-scorched deserts and exotic cultures, lying far to the south of Gondor. Known for their massive tusks and towering stature, mûmakil are both feared and revered, often used in war by the Haradrim, who adorn them with intricate harnesses and towers for battle. These formidable beasts can devastate entire battalions with their sheer strength and resilience, and tales of their participation in warfare are recounted with a mix of awe and dread. The sight of mûmakil, moving like living fortresses across the battlefields, remains an enduring image of the might and mystery that the world holds, even as the Third Age dawns.
Nargothrond
Nargothrond, a mighty Elven stronghold of the First Age, was founded by Finrod Felagund beside the River Narog in Beleriand. Carved into the living rock of the river's western banks, its halls and chambers were renowned for their grandeur and craftsmanship, a testament to the skill of the Noldor. The stronghold lay hidden, its entrance concealed by the Falls of Ivrin, and was further protected by the Talath Dirnen, a guarded plain. It was a center of resistance against Morgoth, playing a pivotal role in the wars of Beleriand, and was renowned for its treasure and the wisdom of its lord. Tragically, the stronghold's secrecy was undone by the curse of the Silmaril and the deeds of Húrin's children, leading to its eventual sack and ruin.
Near Harad
Near Harad, a vast and diverse region, lies to the south of Gondor, encompassing the northernmost territories of the Haradrim. This land is distinguished by its varied landscapes, ranging from arid deserts in the interior to more fertile lands along the coast, where the influence of the sea moderates the climate. Near Harad is bordered to the north by the contested lands of Harondor, serving as a frontier with Gondor, and to the east, it stretches towards the immense deserts that characterize much of Harad. The people of Near Harad, known for their distinct culture and traditions, have often been in conflict with the northern realms, particularly Gondor, due to their strategic and geographical proximity. The region's significance lies in its role as a cultural and political bridge between the southern realms of Middle-earth and the northern kingdoms, often serving as a melting pot of different peoples and ideas.
Nimrodel
Nimrodel, a river of both beauty and sorrow, flows from the Misty Mountains, winding its way through the woodlands of Lothlórien. Named after the Elven maiden Nimrodel, who once walked its banks, the river's waters are said to possess a soothing, lamenting quality, mirroring the melancholy tale of her love and loss. The river's journey begins near the south-eastern slopes of the Misty Mountains, cascading down in crystal-clear falls and gentle streams. It flows southward, eventually joining the Silverlode just before the Silverlode's own confluence with the Great River Anduin. The story of Nimrodel, intertwined with the river, adds a layer of poignant beauty to this serene waterway, reflecting the deep and often tragic histories woven into the fabric of Middle-earth.
Noldor
In the twilight of the First Age, the Noldor, a noble and skilled lineage of Elves, stood as a testament to the grandeur and tragedy of the elder days. Led initially by Finwë, their king, and later by his sons, Fëanor, Fingolfin, and Finarfin, the Noldor flourished in Aman, the Blessed Realm, where their skill in craft and love of knowledge grew under the light of the Two Trees. However, the Noldor's fate turned grim with the theft of Fëanor's Silmarils by Melkor, leading to the Oath of Fëanor and his sons, vowing to recover these jewels at any cost. This oath set the Noldor on a path of exile and war, leading them back to Middle-earth where they established realms such as Gondolin and Nargothrond, hidden and fortified cities of great splendor. Gondolin, concealed in the Encircling Mountains, was a marvel of Elven architecture, resplendent and secure until its fall, while Nargothrond, built beside the River Narog, was a vast underground fortress famed for its halls and craftsmanship.
Northern Waste
The Northern Waste, a vast and desolate region, lies at the far northern reaches of Middle-earth, extending beyond the known lands of Forodwaith. This area, often conflated with or considered part of Forodwaith, is characterized by its extreme cold and inhospitable conditions, dominated by ice, snow, and barren landscapes. The region is virtually unpopulated, as its harsh climate and remote location render it nearly impossible for sustained habitation by Men or other familiar races of Middle-earth. The Northern Waste symbolizes the boundaries of the known world, a place of legends and mysteries, where the maps of the known realms end and the uncharted territories begin. Its existence serves as a testament to the vast and varied geography of Middle-earth, encompassing realms both hospitable and harsh, populated and desolate.
Numenor, Númenor
Númenor, once a majestic island kingdom granted by the Valar to the Edain, lies submerged beneath the Great Sea, a testament to the hubris and tragic fall of its people. Situated west of Middle-earth, this star-shaped island was a marvel of the Second Age, gifted to the Men who aided the Elves in the War of Wrath against Morgoth. Its capital, Armenelos, was a city of great splendor, adorned with towers and the Meneltarma, a sacred mountain at the island's center where the Númenóreans worshipped Eru Ilúvatar. Númenor was renowned for its seafarers and explorers, who journeyed far across the seas, bringing back knowledge and riches to their homeland. However, the pride and desire for immortality led its later kings to defy the Ban of the Valar, culminating in the Downfall of Númenor, an event that reshaped the very geography of the world.
Numenorean, Númenórean
Númenóreans, descendants of the noble Edain, were a race of Men who lived in the island kingdom of Númenor during the Second Age. Gifted with longer lifespans and greater stature than ordinary Men, they reached the zenith of human achievement in wisdom, craftsmanship, and seafaring. Their capital, Armenelos, housed the White Tower, which held the palantír known as the Elendil Stone. These Men were divided in their allegiance: the "Faithful" remained loyal to the Elves and the Valar, while the "King's Men" grew arrogant and rebelled against the Ban of the Valar. Their tragic downfall, brought about by their last King, Ar-Pharazôn, who dared to assail Valinor, led to the submersion of Númenor and the reshaping of the world, leaving only a remnant of the Faithful who founded realms in exile in Middle-earth.
Nurn, Núrn
Núrn, a unique and somewhat less desolate region within the otherwise barren realm of Mordor, lies in the southern expanses of Sauron's dominion. Unlike the ashen plains of Gorgoroth to the north, Núrn is relatively fertile, owing its sustenance to the waters of the great inland Sea of Núrnen. This vast sea, lying at the heart of Núrn, provides enough moisture to support agriculture, which is forcibly maintained by slaves under Sauron's rule. The land around the Sea of Núrnen is utilized to grow food to sustain the dark lord's armies, a grim irony in the midst of such a desolate landscape. The contrast between Núrn's relative fertility and the bleakness of the rest of Mordor starkly illustrates the diverse and harsh geography of Sauron's realm.
Nurnen, Núrnen
The Sea of Núrnen, a vast inland saltwater sea, lies at the heart of the region of Núrn in the southern part of Mordor. Its waters are the lifeblood of this otherwise desolate realm, providing a rare source of sustenance in Sauron's domain. Surrounded by fertile lands, it enables the cultivation of crops, which are crucial for feeding the armies of Mordor, tended to by legions of enslaved peoples under the dark lord's oppressive rule. The sea, characterized by its dark waters and the harsh landscape that surrounds it, contrasts starkly with the fiery wastelands to the north, like the Plateau of Gorgoroth and the slopes of Mount Doom. The Sea of Núrnen, thus, stands as a symbol of both life and subjugation within the borders of Mordor, a beacon of scarce hope amidst a land overshadowed by tyranny and despair.
Orc, Orcs
Orcs, vile creatures bred by the dark powers of Morgoth, are a race of malevolence and destruction, embodying his hatred and spite. These beings, likely corrupted from Elves captured in the ancient days, first appeared during the years of the Trees, before the First Age. Twisted and cruel, Orcs are known for their savagery in battle and their relentless pursuit of the will of their dark masters, Morgoth and later Sauron. They inhabit the foul places of the world, such as the deep pits of Angband and the dark fortress of Dol Guldur. Orcs are instrumental in the wars against the Free Peoples of Middle-earth, serving as the mainstay of the dark lords' armies, driven by their innate hostility and the iron will of their masters.
Orthanc
Orthanc, an ancient tower of singular construction and formidable strength, stands within the fortress of Isengard at the southern end of the Misty Mountains. It is crafted from a black, unbreakable stone, towering high into the sky, and is known for its four razor-sharp edges and flat summit. The origins of Orthanc are shrouded in mystery, predating even the earliest records of the realms of Men and Elves. Situated at the strategic juncture where the River Isen meets the foothills of the Misty Mountains, Orthanc commands a view over the Gap of Rohan and the surrounding lands. The tower's impregnable nature and commanding presence make it a symbol of power and an object of great significance in the politics of Middle-earth.
Osgiliath
Osgiliath, the ancient capital of Gondor, lies strategically positioned on the Great River Anduin, serving as a crucial link between the northern and southern realms of the kingdom. This city, known for its architectural splendor, features a series of bridges that span the river, symbolizing the unity and strength of Gondor. Osgiliath's buildings, adorned with intricate stonework and towering spires, reflect the artistry and skill of the Dúnedain. The city, being at the forefront of Gondor's defense against the encroaching darkness from Mordor to the east, bears the scars of many battles. In its heyday, Osgiliath was a bustling center of culture and governance, with the Dome of Stars as a prominent landmark, where the Palantír of Osgiliath once resided.
Palantír, Palantir, Palantíri, Palantiri
Palantíri, the singular being Palantír, are ancient, spherical stones of great power, crafted by the Elves of Valinor in the depths of time. These stones, when used by skilled individuals, allow the viewer to communicate across vast distances and see events in other parts of the world. Initially brought to Middle-earth by Elendil and his sons at the end of the Second Age, they were distributed among several strongholds of the Dúnedain, including Minas Anor, Minas Ithil, Orthanc, and Annúminas. The Palantíri are deeply attuned to each other, and while they aid in communication and governance, they also require great wisdom and strength of will to use effectively, lest the user be ensnared by their power. Their existence remains a closely guarded secret, known only to a few, and their true potential is understood by even fewer.
Pelargir
Pelargir, an ancient and significant port city of Gondor, is strategically located on the banks of the Great River Anduin, near its delta flowing into the Bay of Belfalas. Founded in the Second Age by the Faithful Númenóreans, it serves as a crucial maritime gateway for trade and communication between Gondor and distant lands. The city, renowned for its shipyards and naval prowess, plays a vital role in maintaining Gondor's sea power and defense against the threats from the south and the east. Pelargir's harbors are bustling with activity, hosting a variety of ships ranging from small fishing boats to large war galleys. The architecture of the city reflects a blend of Gondorian and Númenórean styles, symbolizing its rich history and cultural heritage.
Pelori, Pelóri
In the ancient days, the Pelóri, the towering mountain range in Aman, stood as a mighty shield on the eastern border of Valinor. These mountains, the highest of Arda, were raised by the Valar as a defense against the malice of Melkor, marking the boundary between the Blessed Realm and the outer lands. Their peaks, cloaked in eternal snow and often veiled in clouds, reached towards the heavens, with Taniquetil, the highest of them all, piercing the sky like a gleaming spire. Upon Taniquetil’s summit, Manwë and Varda, the King and Queen of the Valar, made their dwelling, overseeing the world from this lofty throne. The Pelóri, while a barrier to those without leave to enter, also cradled within its embrace the tranquil realm of Valinor, safeguarding the undying lands from the turmoils of the outer world.
Rangers
At the onset of the Third Age, the Rangers, known as the Dúnedain, stand as vigilant guardians of the remnants of the ancient kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor. Descendants of the Númenóreans, a people graced with long life and wisdom, these Rangers are characterized by their skill in tracking, stealth, and combat, honed through years of defending their lands against the encroaching darkness. They predominantly inhabit the northern kingdom of Arnor, now a fragmented realm of scattered settlements and forgotten ruins, where they maintain a watchful eye over the region, including the Shire, a land of peace and simplicity, unbeknownst to its inhabitants. In the south, their kin in Gondor keep vigil over the borders of Mordor, where the shadow of the past lingers, and the threat of Sauron, though diminished, remains a silent menace. The Rangers, though often unseen and unsung, play a crucial role in safeguarding the realms of Men, their presence a thin but resilient barrier against the gathering shadows of the Third Age.
Rhovanion
Rhovanion, a vast region in Middle-earth, stretches eastward from the Misty Mountains to the lands bordering Greenwood and beyond. This expansive territory encompasses a diverse range of landscapes, from the rolling grasslands of the Vales of Anduin, through the dense, shadowy forests of Greenwood, to the shores of the Long Lake and the Lonely Mountain in the east. Inhabited by a variety of peoples, including Northmen, Wood-elves, and other creatures, Rhovanion is a land rich in history and culture. The region has seen its share of turmoil and prosperity, serving as a crossroads for many significant events in the annals of Middle-earth. Its strategic location, lying between the western realms and the eastern lands, makes Rhovanion a key area in the geopolitical landscape of Middle-earth, often caught in the tides of larger conflicts and alliances.
Rhudaur
Rhudaur, once a realm of Men in the North-east of Middle-earth, lay in the region known as Eriador, nestled amid the weathered hills east of the Misty Mountains and north of the Great East Road. It was a land of mixed forests and rugged terrain, characterized by its untamed wilderness that often harbored danger and mystery. In its prime, Rhudaur shared borders with the sister kingdoms of Cardolan and Arthedain, as all three were fragments of the once-great Arnor. The Angle, the land wedged between the rivers Hoarwell and Loudwater, formed part of its southern boundary. Over time, Rhudaur's fortunes waned due to internal strife and external pressures.
Rhun, Rhûn
Rhûn, a vast and largely mysterious region, lies far to the east of the well-known lands of Middle-earth. It encompasses a wide expanse of territory, ranging from steppes and plains to large inland seas and mountain ranges. To the west, it borders the lands of Dorwinion and the northern reaches of Greenwood, creating a natural frontier between the known and the unknown realms. The Sea of Rhûn, a significant inland body of water, is a prominent feature within this region, surrounded by varied landscapes that are home to diverse cultures and peoples, many of whom remain enigmatic to the inhabitants of the west. The realm of Rhûn, with its vastness and cultural richness, embodies the unexplored and distant aspects of the world, holding many secrets yet to be unveiled.
Rivendell, Imladris, Last Homely House
In the sheltered valley of Rivendell, also known as Imladris, there lies a haven of the Elves, a place of ancient beauty and tranquility. Nestled in the foothills of the Misty Mountains, it serves as a sanctuary against the darkness growing in the world. The Last Homely House, as it is fondly called, stands amidst gardens and terraces, with the melodious sound of the River Bruinen, or the Loudwater, flowing nearby. Elrond Half-elven, a wise and noble lord of Elven descent, presides over this hidden refuge. The architecture of Rivendell is a harmonious blend of nature and Elven craftsmanship, symbolizing a haven of peace and wisdom in a world increasingly fraught with peril.
Rohan, Riddermark
Rohan, known as the land of the Horse-lords, is a vast kingdom in Middle-earth situated north of Gondor and bordered by the Misty Mountains to the north and the White Mountains to the south. Its landscape is dominated by sprawling grasslands, known as the Riddermark, ideal for the breeding and training of horses, for which the Rohirrim are renowned. The Great River Anduin forms its eastern boundary, while to the west lies the Gap of Rohan, a strategic pass through the mountains. The capital of Rohan is Edoras, nestled at the foot of the White Mountains, home to Meduseld, the Golden Hall of the Kings of Rohan. This kingdom, though younger than many realms of Middle-earth, is celebrated for its valiant warriors and magnificent steeds, playing a crucial role in the defense and politics of the Free Peoples.
Sarn Ford
Sarn Ford, a place of quiet significance, is located in the southern reaches of the Shire, in the northwestern lands of Middle-earth. It is where the East Road, a major route traversing Eriador, crosses the Brandywine River, making it a key crossing point for travelers entering or leaving the Shire. The ford is characterized by its shallow waters and stony bed, allowing for relatively easy passage across the river. This area, though tranquil and often overlooked, holds strategic importance, as it serves as one of the few crossing points for those journeying between the Shire and the southern lands of Eriador. Sarn Ford, with its gentle waters and surrounding greenery, epitomizes the serene and unassuming beauty that is characteristic of the Shire's landscape.
Sauron
In the closing of the Second Age, the dark lord Sauron, once a lieutenant of the first dark power Morgoth, fell into shadow and malice, forging a realm of fear and despair. His dominion was centered in the land of Mordor, a desolate realm east of Gondor, where the ashen plains of Gorgoroth spread beneath the ominous Mount Doom, a volcano whose fires birthed the One Ring, the instrument of Sauron's might. Sauron, the Deceiver, shrouded in the guise of Annatar, the Lord of Gifts, once endeavored to ensnare the Elves, but his plans were thwarted as they perceived his ruse. The last alliance of Elves and Men stood against Sauron's legions upon the slopes of Mount Doom, leading to his defeat, though his spirit endured, biding its time, formless, awaiting an age to rise again. His presence lingers like a shadow over Middle-earth, a threat that is foretold to manifest once more, though such times are yet untold.
Serni
The River Serni, a notable waterway of Gondor, flows with quiet grace through the lands of the Third Age, bearing witness to the passage of time and the tales of men. Its source lies in the White Mountains, a grand range that forms a backbone to the realms of Men, where snow and stone speak of ages past. The Serni snakes southwards through the green lands of Lebennin, an area famed for its agriculture, where the river's waters nourish the fields and support the livelihoods of many. As it continues its journey, the Serni meets the River Gilrain near Linhir, a confluence that marks a blend of natural beauty and strategic importance, for this area often serves as a crossroads for travelers and trade. Finally, the Serni surrenders its waters to the Bay of Belfalas, where the sea's eternal expanse meets the storied land of Gondor, a realm rich in history and valor.
Shire
The Shire, a verdant and peaceful land, is nestled in the northwest of Middle-earth, within the borders of the larger region of Eriador. This idyllic countryside, renowned for its rolling hills, well-tended fields, and picturesque rivers, is primarily inhabited by Hobbits, a small and cheerful folk known for their love of comfort and simplicity. The Brandywine River marks its eastern boundary, offering both a natural barrier and a source of nourishment for the land. Notable locations within the Shire include Hobbiton, set amidst the gently sloping hills, and Buckland, a more densely wooded area near the Brandywine. The Shire, with its rustic beauty and tranquil way of life, stands as a haven of peace and normalcy in a world where ancient powers and histories often overshadow the simple joys of living.
Silmaril, Silmarils
In the elder days, long before the dawning of the Third Age, there were jewels of unparalleled splendor and beauty known as the Silmarils. Created by Fëanor, the most gifted of the Elven smiths, these three radiant gems held within them the pure light of the Two Trees of Valinor, Telperion and Laurelin, the greatest lights of the world that illuminated the Blessed Realm in the West. Their creation marked a pinnacle of Elvish craftsmanship, embodying both the light of Valinor and the unparalleled skill of their maker. However, the Silmarils became a source of great sorrow and strife; their beauty and power awakened a dark covetousness in Melkor, later known as Morgoth, leading to his theft of the jewels and the Trees' destruction. This act set in motion the tragic events of the First Age, including the Oath of Fëanor and his sons, and the long, grievous war against Morgoth to retrieve the Silmarils, a war that ultimately reshaped the face of the world.
Silverlode, Celebrant
The Silverlode, known in Sindarin as Celebrant, is a river of great significance, sparkling with clear, silver-hued waters. Originating from the Mirrormere in the Dimrill Dale, beneath the Misty Mountains, this river flows eastward, meandering gracefully through the ancient, enchanted woods of Lothlórien. Its banks, often bathed in a soft, ethereal light, are lined with a lush array of mallorn trees, whose golden leaves create a canopy of radiance and beauty. To the south of the Silverlode lies the Great River, Anduin, into which the Silverlode ultimately merges, marking the boundary between Lothlórien and the lands beyond. The river is not just a geographic feature but also a symbol of the enduring beauty and mystique of the Elven realms, a testament to the harmony between the natural world and the artistry of the Elves.
Silvertine, Celebdil
In the dim ages past, Silvertine, known also as Celebdil, stood as one of the three mightiest peaks of the Misty Mountains, its brethren being Caradhras and Fanuidhol. Towering amidst these lofty brothers, Silvertine's snow-capped peak pierced the heavens, a beacon of awe and wonder in a realm filled with ancient mysteries. Beneath its daunting slopes lay the famed Dwarven city of Khazad-dûm, known for its splendor and deep-delving halls, where the Dwarves mined mithril, a metal so precious and rare that it was worth more than gold. The echoing halls beneath Silvertine were not only rich in treasures but also in history, bearing witness to the deep craftsmanship and legacy of the Dwarves. Its proximity to the dark and foreboding woods of Lothlórien, across the Misty Mountains to the east, and the vast expanse of Eriador to the west, made it a landmark of significant geographical and cultural importance.
Sundering Seas
In the vastness of Arda, the Sundering Seas stretch wide and deep, an immense expanse of water lying between the hallowed lands of Aman in the west and the mortal shores of Middle-earth in the east. These seas, ever-churning and mysterious, have been the silent witnesses to the joys and sorrows of ages past, holding within their depths secrets and tales untold. To the north, the icy wastes of the Helcaraxë, where the Sea meets the grinding ice, once served as a perilous bridge for the exiled Noldor, though this treacherous path has since vanished beneath the relentless waves. In the southern reaches, the waters widen, separating the continents with a vastness that few have dared to traverse, save for the Teleri with their swan ships and the Númenóreans in their time of glory. The Sundering Seas stand as a constant reminder of the division between the Undying Lands, forever beyond the reach of mortal kind, and the lands of Middle-earth, where the fates of Elves, Men, and Dwarves are inexorably woven.
Taniquetil
Taniquetil, the highest peak of the Pelóri, the mountain range that forms the eastern boundary of Aman, is a landmark of enduring majesty from the earlier ages. It stands as the loftiest mountain in all of the world, its summit reaching towards the heavens, often cloaked in clouds and starlight. Atop this hallowed peak lies Ilmarin, the dwelling of Manwë and Varda, the chief of the Valar and the Queen of the Stars, respectively. From this sublime vantage point, they oversee the world, their gaze reaching far across the seas and continents, witnessing the unfolding of the ages. Taniquetil, with its awe-inspiring height and divine association, remains a symbol of the transcendental beauty and power that characterized the Blessed Realm in the times before the world was marred by strife and shadow.
Telperion, The Two Trees
Telperion, one of the Two Trees of Valinor, was a symbol of majesty and light in the ancient days before the Sun and Moon. Together with its counterpart, Laurelin, Telperion illuminated the land of the Valar, the Blessed Realm, with a soft, silver light. This elder tree, also known as the Silver Tree, had leaves of dark green, shimmering with a silver hue, and its dew was like radiant pearls, prized by the Valar and Elves alike. The Two Trees stood in the land of Aman, in the hallowed realm of Valinor, west across the great sea from Middle-earth. Their destruction by Morgoth and Ungoliant marked the end of the Years of the Trees and heralded the beginning of the First Age, a pivotal moment in the history of Arda.
Thangorodrim
Thangorodrim, the mighty volcanic peaks, forged in the First Age by Morgoth as a testament to his power, loomed ominously over the ancient fortress of Angband. Their blackened crags, spewing smoke and ash, served as a dark crown for the northernmost reaches of Middle-earth, a landmark of dread visible for leagues. Beneath their shadow, the Elves and Men of old laid siege, in a valiant effort to contain the malice that spilled from Morgoth's realm. These peaks were not only a physical blight upon the land but also a symbol of the darkness that could endure in the hearts of the free peoples. Though by the onset of the Third Age Thangorodrim lay in ruin, its memory stands as a stark reminder of the wars fought and the vigilance ever required against the return of such shadow.
Tharbad
Tharbad, located at the crossroads of ancient trade routes, is a city situated on the borders of Minhiriath and Enedwaith, where the Greyflood River can be forded. Once a flourishing port and bustling center of trade during the days of the Númenóreans, it plays a pivotal role in connecting the northern and southern realms of Middle-earth. In the Third Age, however, Tharbad has seen a decline from its former grandeur, largely due to the diminishing traffic on the Great Road that runs through it, and the gradual silting of its river. The city, with its network of bridges and remnants of grand architecture, bears witness to its rich history and strategic importance. Despite its decline, Tharbad remains a key geographic and historical landmark, marking the point where the influence of the Númenóreans once extended deep into the heart of Middle-earth.
Thranduil
In the realm of the Woodland Realm, Thranduil, the Elvenking, reigns with a wisdom born of many ages past. His halls, resplendent in their subterranean splendor, lie beneath the great forest of Greenwood the Great, a vast expanse of ancient trees that stretches far to the east of the Misty Mountains, near the shores of the Long Lake. Thranduil, son of Oropher, came to these lands following the great battles of the Last Alliance, where his father fell in combat against the dark forces of the Second Age. His rule is marked by a deep connection to the forest, its creatures, and its secrets, making him a guardian of one of Middle-earth's most enchanting and mysterious regions. The Elvenking's realm, though isolated by choice, stands as a bastion of beauty and ancient wisdom, a reminder of the elder days and the enduring spirit of the Elves.
Tol Fuin
Tol Fuin, once a part of the ancient and majestic land of Beleriand, now exists as a shadow of its former self, emerging as an island in the Great Sea following the cataclysmic events at the end of the First Age. It is the submerged remnant of Dorthonion, a highland region known for its towering pine forests and the tragic tales of its past. In the times before its downfall, Dorthonion was a land of great natural beauty and strategic importance, often caught in the conflicts between the forces of Morgoth and the Elves. After the War of Wrath, much of Beleriand sank beneath the waves, leaving Tol Fuin as a rugged, forested island, a mere echo of Dorthonion's former grandeur. This island, surrounded by the vast expanse of the sea, stands as a silent witness to the lost histories and the enduring strength of the land that once was.
Tol Morwen
Tol Morwen stands as a solemn and enduring testament to the tumultuous events of the First Age, located in the Great Sea off the western coast of Middle-earth. It is a small island, the only remaining piece of land from the lost realm of Beleriand, which was submerged at the end of the War of Wrath. This island, characterized by its rocky terrain and sparse vegetation, marks the grave of Morwen Eledhwen, the wife of Húrin Thalion and mother of Túrin Turambar, two tragic figures of the First Age. Notably, it also holds the Stone of the Hapless, where the bodies of Túrin and his sister Niënor Níniel were laid to rest. Isolated and remote, Tol Morwen stands as a poignant reminder of the enduring legacy of the Elves and Men of Beleriand, their struggles and their profound tales, amidst the changing seas.
Towers of the Teeth, Carchost, Narchost
In the shadowed land of Mordor, the Towers of the Teeth stand as foreboding sentinels at the western entrance of the Black Gate, known as the Morannon. These twin towers, Carchost and Narchost, gaze outward like vigilant guardians from their positions flanking the gate. Erected in the Second Age, their purpose was to fortify the already formidable barrier of the Ephel Dúath, the Mountains of Shadow, that form Mordor's western boundary. The dark, menacing architecture of these towers, with their high walls and narrow windows, reflects the malevolent intent of their constructors. Situated in a desolate and barren landscape, the Towers of the Teeth remain as silent witnesses to the passage of countless years and the unfolding of history beyond their sight.
Troll, Trolls
In the ages past, before the dawn of the Third Age, trolls, fearsome and grotesque, roamed the darker corners of the world. Born from the twisted sorceries of Morgoth, the first Dark Lord, these creatures were a mockery of the Ents, the shepherds of the trees. Dwelling primarily in the northern wastes and the caverns of the Misty Mountains, trolls were known for their brutish strength and their hatred of sunlight, which turned them to stone. Legends spoke of their crude speech and manner, and how they were often used as soldiers and laborers by evil powers due to their immense physical prowess. The trolls, though less cunning than other servants of darkness, remained a symbol of the corrupting influence of Morgoth on the natural world, an enduring reminder of the First Age's tumultuous and shadowed events.
Trollshaws
In the days of old, the Trollshaws, a region of Middle-earth, stretched east of the ancient realm of Arnor. Nestled between the river Bruinen to the south and the river Hoarwell to the north, this forested area was known for its rugged terrain, with steep hills and dense woods. It bore a name that hinted at the perilous nature of its inhabitants, for it was often whispered that trolls, creatures of stone and malice, roamed its shadowed paths. The forest itself was a tangle of old trees, thick underbrush, and winding trails, creating a sense of mystery and ancient secrets. Though it lay near the great road that connected the Shire to Rivendell, the Trollshaws was a place of caution, where travelers would tread lightly, wary of the legends that lingered in its darkened glades.
Udun, Udûn
Udûn, an ancient and foreboding valley in the northwest of Mordor, holds a significant place in the history of Middle-earth. Enclosed by the mountain ranges of Ered Lithui to the north and Ephel Dúath to the west and south, it forms a natural gateway into the dark land of Mordor. The valley is characterized by its barren landscape, with little vegetation and a harsh, inhospitable environment, reflecting the malevolent influence of its master, Sauron. Udûn's strategic importance is highlighted by the Black Gate, or Morannon, which guards its western entrance, serving as a formidable barrier against those who would dare to enter or leave Mordor. The area, steeped in shadow and dread, stands as a testament to the might and terror of Sauron, serving as a stark reminder of the darkness that once loomed over Middle-earth.
Ulmo, Lord of Waters
Ulmo, Lord of Waters, stands as one of the most powerful and revered Valar in Arda. His dominion extends over all bodies of water, from the deepest ocean abysses to the smallest spring. Unlike many of his kin, Ulmo remains deeply involved with the affairs of the world, often appearing in rivers and lakes to counsel or aid the Children of Ilúvatar. His voice is heard in the sound of waves and the gurgling of streams, a testament to his omnipresence in his realm. Ulmo's influence is pivotal in many events of the First and Second Ages, as he often intervenes to guide and protect both Elves and Men against the darkness.
Umbar
Umbar, a great haven of the Númenóreans, stands mightily in the south of Middle-earth, facing the vast Sea. Its origins trace back to the Second Age, a testament to the far-reaching dominion of Númenor before its downfall. The city, characterized by imposing architecture and a bustling port, is a hub of maritime prowess and a crossroad of diverse cultures. Nestled in the Harad region, Umbar is relatively close to the realms of Gondor to the north, yet its cultural and political ties have often been strained and complex. The climate of Umbar is warmer, with a landscape that blends the grandeur of Númenórean stone work with the lush, exotic flora of the south.
Valar, Vala, Powers of the World
The Valar, often revered as the Powers of the World, are a group of Ainur who chose to enter Arda to complete its shaping and govern its destinies. Among the Ainur, they are the most powerful and influential, second only to Eru Ilúvatar himself. Each of the Valar has dominion over specific aspects of the world, such as the seas, skies, earth, and even death. Notable figures among them include Manwë, the Lord of the Breath of Arda and the de facto leader of the Valar; Varda, the Queen of the Stars, revered especially by the Elves; Ulmo, the Lord of Waters; and Yavanna, the Giver of Fruits, responsible for all things that grow in the earth. Their abode is in the Undying Lands of Aman, specifically in the realm of Valinor, where they reside and watch over the fates of Elves and Men, as well as the other inhabitants of Middle-earth.
Valinor, Undying Lands
Valinor, the Undying Lands, lies far to the west of Middle-earth, a realm of the Valar, those great powers who shaped the world. It is a land of unmarred beauty and bliss, where the light of the Two Trees, Telperion and Laurelin, once bathed the land in silver and gold before their destruction by Melkor and Ungoliant. The land, shielded by the Enchanted Isles and the Shadowy Seas, remains home to many of the Eldar, the High Elves who answered the summons of the Valar and journeyed across the sea. In the heart of Valinor stands the mountain Taniquetil, the highest peak in the world, upon which sits the halls of Manwë and Varda, the King and Queen of the Valar. Surrounding this sacred mountain are the various dwellings of the other Valar, each reflecting the nature and dominion of its lord or lady, contributing to the diverse and harmonious splendor of Valinor.
Varda, Queen of the Stars
Varda Elentári, known as the Queen of the Stars, is one of the most revered of the Valar. She is the spouse of Manwë, the King of Arda, and her power and beauty are unparalleled among the Valar. Varda's primary role is the creation and governance of the stars; she kindled the stars and constellations of the night sky, earning deep reverence from the Elves who call her Elbereth Gilthoniel. Her light is a symbol of hope and guidance, often invoked in times of darkness and peril. Residing with Manwë on Taniquetil, the highest mountain in the world, Varda possesses a deep understanding of the world and its inhabitants, and her presence is associated with light, purity, and protection against the darkness.
War of the Jewels
In ages past, the War of the Jewels was a series of devastating conflicts that scarred the land and souls of Arda, as recounted in the histories of the Elder Days. It encompassed the relentless strife between the Noldorin Elves, led by the likes of Fëanor and his sons, against the dark sovereign Morgoth, for the recovery of the Silmarils, three radiant jewels crafted by Fëanor's unmatched skill. Morgoth, ensconced in the iron fortress of Angband in the north of Beleriand, unleashed upon the world his legions and foul creatures, bringing woe and ruin. The lands of Beleriand, once resplendent with the kingdoms of the Elves and their Edain allies, were marred by war, ultimately consumed by the sea after Morgoth's defeat in the War of Wrath. These tales of valor and loss, of the relentless pursuit of the Silmarils, now echo as legends from a world forever changed, their legacy enduring in the bloodlines of Elves and Men and the very fabric of Middle-earth.
Weathertop, Amon Sul, Amon Sûl
Weathertop, known in Sindarin as Amon Sûl, stands as a solitary hill in the Eriador region, marking a significant landmark in the vastness of the rolling plains. This ancient, weathered hill, crowned with ruins from a bygone era, rises distinctively above the surrounding landscape, offering a commanding view of the Great East Road that runs near its base. Historically, Weathertop was the site of a great watchtower, part of a network established by Elendil and his sons in the early years of the Northern Kingdom of Arnor. By the Third Age, only remnants of this once-great structure remain, bearing silent testimony to the region's long and storied past. Its strategic location and historical significance make it a notable point of interest for travelers and scholars alike, situated roughly equidistant between the Shire to the west and the Trollshaws to the east.
West Emnet
West Emnet, a region within the Kingdom of Rohan, lies to the west of the great river Entwash and north of the White Mountains. It is characterized by its vast, rolling grasslands, providing rich pastures for the herds and horses of the Rohirrim. The land gently slopes from the foothills of the Misty Mountains in the north, blending seamlessly into the wide plains of Rohan. This area is crucial for Rohan's horse-breeding, as the open fields and favorable climate create an ideal environment for raising and training horses. West Emnet is bordered to the west by the Gap of Rohan, making it a strategically important area for the defense of the kingdom against incursions from the west.
White Mountains, Ered Nimrais
The White Mountains, known as Ered Nimrais in the Elvish tongue, form a formidable barrier stretching from the lands of Rohan in the north to the Bay of Belfalas in the south. These towering peaks, crowned with snow even in warmer seasons, dominate the landscape of western Middle-earth. To their north lie the grasslands of Rohan, while to the south, they border the realm of Gondor, dividing it from the more wild lands to the west. Within these mountains lies the Paths of the Dead, a mysterious and feared passageway, and they are also home to the ancient refuge of Dunharrow. The White Mountains are renowned for their awe-inspiring beauty and the perilous journeys they impose on those who dare traverse their paths.
Withered Heath
The Withered Heath, located in the Grey Mountains of northern Middle-earth, is a bleak and desolate area known for its stark and unforgiving landscape. This region, largely barren and devoid of significant vegetation, is characterized by its scorched earth and ash-covered hills, a testament to the dragons that once roamed and nested here. Historically, the presence of these fearsome creatures has been a source of great concern and danger, not only to the nearby Dwarven settlements but also to the wider regions around the Grey Mountains. The Withered Heath serves as a stark reminder of the perilous nature of certain parts of Middle-earth, where the raw power of dragons has left an indelible mark on the land. Despite its hostile environment, the area holds a certain grim fascination, embodying the harsher aspects of the world's untamed wilderness.
Yavanna, Giver of Fruits
Yavanna Kementári, the Giver of Fruits, is a Vala renowned for her deep connection with all growing things, from the mightiest trees to the smallest blades of grass. She is the creator of the Two Trees of Valinor, Telperion and Laurelin, whose light once illuminated the blessed realm of the Valar. Her love and care extend to all Flora and Fauna of Arda, making her a guardian and nurturer of the natural world. Yavanna's power is most profoundly seen in her creation of the Ents, the shepherds of the trees, formed in response to the threat posed by her husband Aulë's Dwarves to the forests. As a Vala, Yavanna's influence spans across ages, with her blessings and creations enduring well into the Third Age.
Ringwraith, Nazgul, Nazgûl
The Nazgûl, also known as the Ringwraiths, are nine terrifying and spectral beings, once mortal kings of Men. They were ensnared by the power of the Nine Rings, given to them by Sauron, the Dark Lord, under the guise of gifts. These rings, while bestowing great power, ultimately led to their downfall, turning them into wraiths, invisible to most and bound to the will of Sauron. Throughout the Second Age and into the early years of the Third, they are feared across Middle-earth as Sauron's most dreaded servants, capable of spreading terror and despair wherever they go. Cloaked in shadow and mystery, their true identities are lost to time, remembered only in whispers and dark legends.
Grammar
root ::= start dialogue "\n" dialogue "\n" dialogue "\n#"
dialogue ::= [^#]+
note ::= "[author's note: " dialogue "]\n"
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